Since the Polish accession to the European Union in 2004, the value of Polish aid provided to developing countries has doubled, and in 2009 it amounted to over PLN 1 billion (PLN 1164.92 million/USD 374.67 million), which represents 0.09% of GNI.
Multilateral assistance (contributions to international organisations and funds providing development aid) amounted to PLN 879.38 million, which represented 75% of total disbursements. The amount of PLN 841.07 million (EUR 194.25 million) was provided under the membership fee to the EU's general budget for community assistance initiatives supervised by the European Commission, and the remainder of the funds was distributed within the national system, in which the central role is played by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Science and Higher Education. The amount of PLN 38.31 million was allocated to multilateral assistance provided outside the European Union system.
Multilateral assistance in 2009 amounted to PLN 285.55 million (USD 91.84 million). The funds were allocated, among others, to contributions under preferential loans granted by the Ministry of Finance (over PLN 130 million), to fund the costs of education at Polish universities for students from developing countries (the Ministry of Science and Higher Education - over PLN 33 million plus grants of over PLN 17 million), assistance to refugees during the first 12 months of their stay in Poland (the Ministry of the Interior and Administration - over PLN 30 million), as well as for training and advisory assistance, humanitarian aid and non-repayable investments in infrastructure implemented from the funds of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
In 2009, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs allocated PLN 6 million to humanitarian and food aid. It was provided both through contributions to international institutions that continually implement activities of a humanitarian nature, and ad hoc measures in response to appeals relating to humanitarian crises.
In 2009, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs funded 319 aid projects for partner countries, the vast majority (219) of which were the initiatives implemented for the priority countries: Afghanistan, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia, the Palestinian Authority and Angola.
In 2009, Polish financial aid amounted to PLN 149m.
- tied aid concessional credits: China - PLN 107m (USD 34.44m) on the basis of an inter-governmental agreement from 2000, Angola - PLN 21.21m (USD 6.82m) on the basis of an agreement from 2006, Montenegro - over PLN 2m (EUR 466.000) on the basis of an agreement from 2006, Vietnam - PLN 1.63m (EUR 376.000) on the basis of an agreement from 2008;
- payments towards initiatives undertaken by international financial institutions - a total of over PLN 17m (IMF - PLN 8m for the Liberian debt relief programme; World Bank group - two payments towards International Development Association: PLN 4.936m and PLN 430.000, payment of USD 1.2m towards Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund);
- debt reduction was not conducted (arrears to Poland: Iraq, Cambodia, DPR Korea, Cuba, Mongolia, Mozambique, Sudan).