In 2004, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the first time selected a priority group of countries receiving Polish development assistance. These were Afghanistan, Angola, Georgia, Iraq, Moldova and Vietnam. In 2005, the Palestinian Authority was included in this group. Belarus and Ukraine were added in 2006, and Tanzania in the following year.
Due to the limited possibilities for practical co-operation, Vietnam was removed from the priority countries list in 2007. However, projects carried out in the framework of the Small Grants System continued to be implemented. In 2008, due to dangers to the lives of people directly involved in implementing development tasks, Iraq was excluded from the list. This does not imply that aid activities in Iraq have been terminated. Depending on the situation, humanitarian aid and projects supervised by the Polish Embassy in Baghdad are still implemented in the country. In 2009, in connection with the decision to close the Polish diplomatic mission in Dar es Salaam and the ensuing decrease in co-operation opportunities, Tanzania was taken off the list of priority countries. The country still receives support in the form of projects implemented by NGOs.
In the years 2010-2011 the priority list included Afghanistan, Angola, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine and the Palestinian Authority. In 2011 Angola was excluded from priority list due to the fact that Poland focused its development cooperation activities on the region of East Africa. Pursuant to the Multiannual Development Cooperation Programme for the years 2012-2015, the list of priority countries receiving Polish assistance included the Eastern Partnership countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine) and selected countries and regions in Africa (Libya and Tunisia in North Africa, Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Ruanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda in East Africa), Asia (Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan) and the Middle East (Palestinian Authority).