Development cooperation for Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania will be implemented through support for human capital, environmental protection and entrepreneurship and the private sector. Within these thematic areas, Polish development cooperation will seek to achieve the same results as in the case of Senegal, i.e.:
- increase in access to better quality healthcare of mothers and children;
- improvement of the conditions and the quality of teaching at all levels of education;
- improvement of management of water resources, including increase in access to water supply and sanitation and promotion of hygiene;
- increase in access to renewable energy sources;
- limiting the processes of deforestation, desertification and land degradation;
- strengthening capacity to prevent and respond to natural disasters and catastrophes resulting from human activities;
- increase in entrepreneurship, especially among young people and women and new jobs created in rural areas;
- increased access to high-quality technical education and vocational training;
- increased competitiveness, productivity and innovativeness of producer groups, cooperatives and worker cooperatives, especially in the agri-food sector.
Development needs of East African partners are considerable, as can be seen from the example of indicators of the availability of sources of drinking water. Report of UNICEF and WHO of 2012 mentions Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania among ten countries with the largest number of residents without access to sources of drinking water. In Ethiopia, this problem affects 46 million people, in Tanzania – 21 million, in Kenya – 17 million.
Another important factor reducing the length and quality of life of the inhabitants of the region is difficult access healthcare. This problem concerns in particular the residents of Ethiopia, where the number of patients per one physician is 40,000 (data from 2009). It is not much better in Tanzania, where in 2012 this proportion was 32,358 patients per one physician (source).
East Africa also has one of the highest rates of maternal mortality and infant mortality. Particularly high level of maternal mortality occurs in Kenya, where in 2015 it amounted to 510 deaths per 100,000 live births, four times exceeding the target set by the Millennium Development Goals, i.e. 127 deaths per 100,000 live births by the end of 2015. In Tanzania and Ethiopia, these figures were respectively 398 and 353 deaths per 100,000 live births (source), which means that in terms of infant mortality these countries occupy very high places – 31st and 49th (source).
Analysis of the specificity of development problems of individual countries in the region indicates the urgent need for actions in the identified priority areas.