Polska pomoc

 

Wastewater treatment facilities project in the city Kamyanka Buzka

The water reservoirs in Ukraine are very poorly protected against environmental hazards. There are no modern, effective systems in place for sewage treatment. The old sewage treatment plants that were built during the Soviet times are outdated, inefficient, costly to operate, and have practically ceased to serve their purpose. New technologies are not being applied for two reasons: there is no access to know-how and there is a shortage of funds for designing and building new sewage treatment facilities.

Kamionka Bużańska (located on the upper part of the Bug river, within Lviv Oblast) has a mechanical sewage treatment facility that was built in the mid-1950s and is very run-down today. Sewage from the sewage system, which currently serves more than 3,500 residents (out of a total of 10,900), is discharged, hardly treated, directly into the Bug border river (a tributary of the Vistula, which in turn contains water intakes for Polish cities, including Warsaw). Sewage from other residents and adjacent localities is also discharged untreated into the Bug or into the groundwater. Planned expansion of the sewage treatment system has been halted due to the absence of an effective treatment facility.

The administrative authorities of Kamionka Bużańska are determined to take all possible measures to solve the problem. They have requested help from the East Foundation to prepare the construction concept for a sewage treatment plant. An informal coalition has been formed, composed of Polish design and construction offices as well as planning, research and scientific institutions ready to be involved in this undertaking. In order to prepare the design of the future sewage treatment plant, on 18 June 2015 a working meeting was held at the site of the planned construction, attended by four experts from Poland and representatives of local authorities and specialists from Ukraine.

Wastewater treatment facilities project in the city Kamyanka Buzka

The project will be implemented from September to November 2015. The aim is to improve the quality of water in the Bug border river (a tributary of the Vistula) through construction of a model mechanical and biological sewage treatment plant in Kamionka Bużańska (Ukraine, Lviv Oblast). The project will also be an occasion to promote Polish firms that are interested in expanding their services to Ukraine in designing and supplying modern water and sewage treatment technologies and installations. The proposed technologies, tested in the Polish market, are modern, innovative and effective. The designs will conform to the international Best Available Technology (BAT) principles. In first order, installations made by Polish manufacturers and firms with production facilities in Poland will be suggested.

The following measures were planned within the project:

  1. Final approval of technologies and selection of installations adjusted to the technological processes of the planned sewage treatment plant.
  2. A study visit to Poland (four people from Ukraine, three days with transport, two nights in Poland). Presentation of Polish sewage treatment plants, meetings with users and consultations with designers and contractors.
  3. Certification of installations allowing for operation in Ukraine.
  4. Preparation of detailed design guidelines in electrical, construction and other aspects within the scope to be carried out by the Ukrainian side.
  5. Study visit to Kamionka Bużańska (four people from Poland, two days with transport, one night in Ukraine). Detailed consultations in the application of the design guidelines and project preparation in sanitary, construction, electrical, architectural and other aspects.
  6. Preparation of a full cost estimate of the construction of the sewage treatment plant.
  7. Study visit to Kamionka Bużańska (four people from Poland, two days with transport, one night in Ukraine). Consultations concerning the final verification of the complete engineering design.
  8. Technical arrangements and final permit to build the sewage treatment plant.

Wastewater treatment facilities project in the city Kamyanka Buzka

In accordance with project guidelines, the construction plan for the sewage treatment plant was prepared and approved. The project is undergoing expert assessment in order to obtain a building permit. Two Polish firms – Ekoprom and AP Projekt – directly taking part in the project’s implementation have established a working cooperation with the Ukrainian partners in designing and building modern sewage treatment plants. Moreover, two partners from Poland (the Proeko planning and research office and the water mains and sewerage enterprise Przedsiębiorstwo Wodociągów i Kanalizacji Sp. z o.o.) actively took part in programme consultations.

Three study visits took place under the project. The first visit was held from 15 to 17 September 2015 (four people from Ukraine) and consisted of a presentation of Polish sewage treatment plants and consultations with engineers and contractors. During the second visit (30 September to 1 October 2015) to Kamionka Bużańska, detailed consultations were held on the application of the project guidelines and project preparation in sanitary, construction, electrical and architectural aspects. The third visit to Kamionka Bużańska (four people from Poland) took place from 19 to 20 November 2015. In the course of the visit, consultations were held on the final verification of the complete engineering design.

The project included additional training for three staff members of the town hall in Kamionka Bużańska.

The documentation of the construction design of the model sewage treatment plant in Kamionka Bużańska was completed and approved on 30 December 2015.