Polska pomoc


The increase in productivity and competitiveness of farms and the development of agricultural advisory services

Moldova’s economy is heavily dependent on the agricultural sector, which is its primary economic contributor and provides around 60 per cent of the country’s export revenues, more than 40 per cent of direct employment for its working population and substantially more than 50 per cent of employment when we include the working population who derive their income from agriculture-related sources.

According to the available sources, vast areas of Moldova, especially its rural areas, are affected by poverty and see some of the lowest wages, the highest labour emigration metrics and the greatest percentage of population at risk of social exclusion. The huge amount of economic emigration is a direct result of this situation. According to some statistics, nearly a million people have emigrated from Moldova in search of work (almost 25 per cent of the population and 45 per cent of the working population).

These catastrophic metrics are even more acute in the agricultural sector. The mass labour emigration from rural areas has had very negative economic and social consequences, of which the most significant include the depopulation of villages with the attendant departure of the most enterprising people, broken families, a lack of care for children and the elderly, and abandoned farms. There are also budgetary consequences: lower tax revenues and higher social expenditure, which has fundamentally limited Moldova’s development opportunities.

Because of this, activities aimed at enterprise development, uptake of innovations, job creation and improving the productivity and competitiveness of farms, all with the aim of securing food supply and growing exports, are of particular importance for the development of Moldova’s rural areas; these can have a direct positive impact on the material standing and living standards of Moldova’s rural population.

The increase in productivity and competitiveness of farms and the development of agricultural advisory services

The overall objective of the project was to improve food safety and the competitiveness of agricultural holdings; its long-term impacts are expected to include a reduction in poverty in Moldovan villages and labour emigration from the same.

Improving food safety in Moldovan agriculture mainly means the ability to meet the HACAP sanitary requirements in food production and processing (which will also enable export growth) and to expand the scope and scale of agricultural production in order to meet domestic needs (which will impact import needs). The direct goal of the project was to provide support for: animal husbandry of various forms; development of crops from cuttings under plastic sheeting; innovative technologies of harvesting fruit in orchards; promotion of model forms of food processing and storage on farms; and expansion of the agricultural advisory extension network (within the NRDA system). 13 model farms of highly diversified activity profiles received support upon the implementation of the project.

The increase in productivity and competitiveness of farms and the development of agricultural advisory services

In the course of the project:

  • an innovative electronic herd management system was implemented on a dairy cattle farm in the village of Năvîrneţ of the Falesti region;
  • a mechanised feed cultivation process was introduced on two goat- and rabbit-breeding farms in the village of Egoreni of the Soroca region;
  • a loose and granulated feed production plant was commissioned on a rabbit-breeding farm in the Braviceni village of the Orhei region;
  • an innovative fruit harvesting system was introduced in two fruit-growing farms in the villages of Hîrtop of the Cimişlia region and of Mălăeşti of the Orhei region;
  • three plastic tunnels for growing cuttings were created in the villages of: Negureni of the Teleneşti region, Bolohan of the Orhei region and Vorniceni of the Străşeni region;
  • two honey, propolis, pollen and comb honey factories were established in apiaries in the villages of: Lipovăţ of the Glodeni region and Mingir of the Hînceşti region;
  • two cheese-making facilities were opened on goat and sheep farms in the villages of: Egorenia of the Soroca region and Braviceni of the Orhei region;
  • 12 local agricultural consultants providing services within the NRDA system were trained.