Polska pomoc


The implementation of new technologies of milk processing as the basis for the education of young people in this area

In addition to the infrastructure investment needed for the development of its agriculture, Tanzania also requires adequately trained workers for that sector. In order to train people in agriculture and animal husbandry, the education system must be modernised. Such modernisation needs to include improving the knowledge and educational qualifications of teaching staff and developing modern syllabuses.

The project beneficiaries included teachers and students at the Livestock Training Agency in Tengeru (LITA Tengeru), one of several schools educating Tanzanian students in the fields of agriculture and animal husbandry. The project capitalised on the knowledge and skills of the volunteers, two academic researchers and lecturers from the Warsaw University of Life Sciences (SGGW) with lengthy theoretical and practical experience.

The project was a continuation of activities carried out by SGGW staff in 2009, 2010 and 2012.

The implementation of new technologies of milk processing as the basis for the education of young people in this area

The project was carried out between 14 June 2016 and 31 December 2016. The volunteers travelled to Tanzania twice and worked for the Livestock Training Agency Tengeru (LITA Tengeru) from 7 to 29 September 2016 and from 28 November to 18 December 2016.

The purpose of the project was to lend support to LITA Tengeru’s efforts to modify the syllabuses of the milk processing subjects it teaches. Changes mainly addressed ways in which teaching tasks are performed and involved the design of a suitable demonstration of the skills students need to master in order to be properly prepared for their vocation.

The project also involved procurement of small laboratory equipment and accessories (mainly analytical), bacterial cultures for the production of dairy products, and materials and tools necessary for the renovation and modernisation of on-site milk processing facilities.

For the introduction of more advanced teaching methods, the project depended on the personal experience and expertise of the volunteers involved, researchers from the Warsaw University of Life Sciences’ Faculty of Food Sciences and Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences. The volunteers trained a group of teachers and students in modern technologies for milk processing and dairy production. They also prepared an expert report on the infrastructure investments needed to improve the quality and quantity of dairy products processed in LITA Tengeru.

The implementation of new technologies of milk processing as the basis for the education of young people in this area

Implementation of the project led directly to improvement of the quality of instruction for the students at LITA Tengeru in the field of milk processing. Through the modernisation of the training base, and specifically of its on-site milk processing plant, LITA acquired new equipment, fixtures and fittings it previously did not employ in its educational and production processes, and the installation of a solar water heating system improved the hygiene of the students undergoing training at the processing plant.

Through volunteer-led classes, which relied on the lecturers’ proprietary multimedia training materials and employed equipment and accessories procured under the project, LITA Tengeru teachers and students deepened their knowledge in the field of milk processing and dairy production. The student syllabus in the field of milk processing was modified, and among other changes, greater emphasis was placed on the development of practical skills.

As a result of the modernisation and streamlining of production processes, the quality of dairy products increased. This was achieved in part through the equipment purchased with funds provided under the project, namely a smoking device for production of smoked cheeses, a vacuum packaging machine for cheese packing, and a number of smaller accessories required in the technological processes of milk processing and cheese production. The milk processing plant equipment was enhanced with elements enabling production of new cheese products. The product range was expanded. When combined, the tylżycki and the oscypek cheese technologies yielded a new cheese variety: a regional smoked Tengeru cheese. The hygienic conditions for milk processing were significantly improved through painting and renovation of the milk processing plant interior, and through the installation of the purchased equipment and the solar water heating system. The processing plant staff were retrained and prepared for the performance of new, modified activities.

The equipment available to the small analytical laboratory was enhanced and now allows for qualitative analysis of dairy products produced by the processing plant. The results of quality testing demonstrated an improvement in the quality of the products coming from the milk processing plant. The expert report prepared by the volunteers on the required technological modifications and capital expenditures will serve to further improve the quality of local dairy products. The guidelines it provides will help in the future preparation of a strategy for further development and expansion of the Tengeru milk processing plant.

A certain part of Polish society is now more aware of the problems of training human resources for agriculture and the problems of education in that field thanks to the Facebook page of the Science for Development Foundation and the Foundation’s website, both of which provide information on project progress and achievements. Upon completion of the project, and at the initiative of the volunteers, the Warsaw University of Life Sciences website featured a note about the project, while an article about it was included in a leaflet titled “Polish Food” published by the Agency for Restructuring and Modernization of Agriculture.