Polska pomoc


Technical and technological innovations in farms using renewable energy sources in Moldova

Moldova is an agricultural country with an area of 33 700 km2 and a population of 4.4 million. The country does not have fuels of natural origin. The economy is based on imported fuels. Moldova has access to renewable energy sources, but these are not used on a wide scale. The main problems of Moldova’s energy system include:

  • lack of own energy resources (97% of the country’s energy needs are imported),
  • excessive dependence of the economy on natural gas, imported from a single supplier (Gazprom),
  • low utilisation of renewable energy sources (RES),
  • inadequate possibilities of generating own electricity,
  • high losses in the energy sector,
  • low energy efficiency,
  • outdated energy infrastructure.

One of the most important legal acts concerning Moldova’s energy security is the European Energy Charter. In May 2010, Moldova joined the Energy Community, which imposed on the country a number of “third package” EU directives, also concerning renewable energy. An important document is the Energy Strategy of the Republic of Moldova until 2020, calling for among other things wide use of energy from renewable sources, which should additionally be supported through greater market access of equipment for the production of energy from renewable sources.

Moldova is very much interested in the topic of renewable energy, and specifically in the Polish experience and the implementation of Polish technologies in the Moldovan fuel and energy market, based on, inter alia, non-wood biomass.

The Polish-Moldovan Commission for Economic Cooperation has included the following among the main areas of economic cooperation between Polish and Moldovan enterprises:

  • energy-efficiency (in this, RES and thermo-modernisation),
  • renewable energy sources (biomass, biomass boilers, bio-power plants, bio-gas plants, green technologies),
  • environmental protection.

In 2015, the government of Poland signed an agreement on granting a loan to the Republic of Moldova as part of tied aid constituting an instrument of the official support for exports of Polish technologies for the agri-food sector, in this also RES. Due to their specific character, agriculture and rural areas are predisposed to the development of dispersed renewable energy, particularly micro and small installations. In this sector, in many cases there are particularly favourable conditions for the use of RES installations (dairies and dairy production, fruit and vegetable processing, meat production, drying of agricultural products and others).

To speed up the process of replacing conventional energy sources with RES, technological knowledge used in the EU countries should be applied.

Technical and technological innovations in farms using renewable energy sources in Moldova

The aim of the project is to provide support for Moldovan farms in the implementation of innovative techniques and technologies based on renewable energy sources and energy-saving measures, through the transfer of optimal solutions worked out by science and practice, in a longer time horizon to improve the economic efficiency of farms, and on a broader scale to improve Moldova’s energy balance.

The aim of this project is to support Moldovan agricultural farms in implementing innovative techniques and technologies, in particular such based on RES and energy efficient technologies through transfer of optimal science based solutions in particular through practice in this field.

The project includes the preparation in Poland and issue in Moldova of a publication (in 1 500 copies) entitled “Renewable energy sources as an opportunity for development of rural areas of Moldova,” containing a review of the technologies of acquiring thermal energy and electricity from biomass, from the sun, and from the earth’s heat, as well as from wind and kinetic energy of falling water.

The training planned in the project, for 150 representatives of farms in the northern, central and southern part of Moldova in the Districts of Drochia, Orhei and Căuşeni, with 50 participants each, will help to transfer ideas, information and basic knowledge concerning the use of alternative energy sources and the benefits arising from their use on farms. A practical element of this training will be the presentation of plans for the technological use of solar energy sources (photovoltaic links, solar collectors, air heat pumps), worked out earlier on the basis of the supplied forms “notes on planned facility,” for six selected farms.

Study tours to Poland, for two 30-person groups of representatives of Moldovan farms recruited from among participants of the training conducted in Moldova, will make it possible to select the most useful solutions and technologies concerning renewable energy sources (RES), applicable for the agricultural sector and the programme to save energy.

The conference in Chișinău held during the MoldAgroTech 2015 Fair, with 80 representatives of Moldova’s agricultural sector who are interested in RES use, will serve to exchange information on the newest trends and achievements in the renewable energy market.

Technical and technological innovations in farms using renewable energy sources in Moldova

The project’s implementation will result in the following:

  1. Preparation of publication containing a review of technologies for acquiring thermal energy and electricity from biomass, from the sun and from the earth’s heat as well as from wind and falling water, for 1 500 recipients.
  2. Preparation of six technological designs for the use of solar energy sources (photovoltaic links, solar collectors, air heat pumps), ready for implementation on farms.
  3. Training of 150 persons in the implementation of current and new renewable energy technologies and popularisation of this use.
  4. Teaching 60 farmers how to be leaders in the implementation of energy-saving and innovative technologies based on renewable energy sources (RES).
  5. Participation of 80 persons in a conference on renewable energy sources, in Chișinău.