Polska pomoc

 

Support the development of the Moldovan Border Police on measures to counter transnational crimes, provide security and public policy

Moldova lies on migration routes to Central and Western Europe, which are also routes for criminal groups engaged in drug smuggling and human trafficking. Furthermore, because Moldova is a direct neighbour to Romania, an EU member state, the implementation of EU standards for the protection and control of state borders and strengthening of the human capital of Moldova’s border guard is of particular importance from the standpoint of the security of the country itself and its neighbours.

Strengthening the institutional capacity of that entire uniformed service through the improvement of the competences of its individual functionaries can translate into effective border flow control and EU border protection. Only professionally prepared staff and high-quality equipment can guarantee adequate border protection management.

Since July 2012, the Border Guard of Moldova has been incorporated into the structures of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, in relation to which internal legislative action was undertaken (Border Guard Act and a series of regulations on the performance of border control, movement within the frontier zone and on border crossings). These regulations were drafted on the basis of the EU Member States’ best practices, and they specifically incorporated the conclusions from the EUBAM mission.

Since 28 April 2014, Moldova has been the first country of the Eastern Partnership to be granted visa-free cross-border travel. As it sought to fulfil the visa-free travel criteria, Moldova carried out a number of reforms that strengthened public safety and improved the ​​competencies of its public and government administration.

Every year, the Moldovan Border Guard undertakes a number of actions that aim to adjust their system to EU standards. Such actions correlate closely with the EU strategy for the implementation of an integrated border management system.

The assistance activities carried out in the years 2013-2015 by the Polish Border Guard enabled their Moldovan partner to implement a number of structural and systemic changes. The key changes adopted in that process included the rollout of an analytical system (risk analysis and forensic analysis) at various levels of functional responsibility (tactical, operational and strategic) and the modernisation of their training system, among other things, in terms of intervention techniques (organisational restructuring of the Border Guard Training Centre in Ungheni and implementation of a new training curriculum) and first aid. These were implemented by the multipliers trained in 2017.

Support the development of the Moldovan Border Police on measures to counter transnational crimes, provide security and public policy

This two-year modular project (2017-2018) includes, among other things, training activities aimed at upgrading the skills of the officers and staff of Moldova’s Border Guard in selected areas of functional responsibility, and activities aimed at modernising the first aid training room and conducting training in that field.

Module I of the project (2017) involved the delivery of a training programme, including a training course for first aid trainers, workshops aimed at developing a first aid training curriculum for the beneficiary, training in forensic analysis as a source of information used in the activities of the border service, and training in the tactics and techniques of detecting and combating cross-border crime, in preventing and combating cross-border crime involving the illegal cross-border transport of materials that pose a threat to public safety, and training in ensuring public order at border crossings in the event of an incident involving smuggling of materials that pose a threat to public safety.

Module I also involved the modernisation of the first aid training room, modelled after the lecture rooms of the training centre in Ungheni.

Module II of the project (2018) will aim to upgrade the skills of Moldova’s Border Guard in the fields of basic first aid, application for external funding and project management. Additionally, module II will involve the procurement of teaching aids for the first aid training room.

In total, the project will provide for the implementation of two workshop measures and 11 training measures, addressed to approximately 115 participants. The final measure will be a guest visit during which the project will be summarised.

Support the development of the Moldovan Border Police on measures to counter transnational crimes, provide security and public policy

The following results were achieved under module I of the project:

- 10 training courses were provided to 92 people, including:

  • training of multiplier trainers in first aid while on duty; single training cycle duration: 10 training days; number of training cycles: one; number of participants per training: six; place of training delivery: Border Guard Training Centre (CSSG training centre) in Ketrzyn, Poland;
  • workshops devoted to the development of a training curriculum on first aid while on duty for Moldova’s Border Guard; single workshop cycle duration: five working days; number of workshop cycles: two; number participants per workshop: three; place of workshop delivery: CSSG in Ketrzyn and in Moldova;
  • workshops in operational forensic analysis as a source of information used in the activities of the border service; single workshop cycle duration: five working days; number of workshop cycles: two; number participants per workshop: 12; place of workshop delivery: Moldova;
  • training in tactics and techniques for detecting and combating cross-border crime; single training cycle duration: five training days; number of training cycles: two; number of participants per training: 12; place of training delivery: Moldova;
  • training in preventing and combating cross-border crime involving the illegal cross-border transport of materials that pose a threat to public safety; single training cycle duration: seven training days; number of training cycles: two; number of participants per training: 12; place of training delivery: Moldova;
  • training in ensuring public order at border crossings in the event of an incident involving smuggling of materials that pose a threat to public safety; single training cycle duration: seven training days; number of training cycles: one; number of participants per training: eight; place of training delivery: CSSG in Ketrzyn.

- the room for conducting first aid training at the Border Guard Training Centre in Ungheni was modernised.