Polska pomoc

 

Support of public administration in Moldova in preparation of the National Strategy of Regional Development for 2016-2020

Moldova is undergoing a political transformation that is accompanied by social and economic changes. The reforms undertaken over the past few years have been focused on building competitiveness and strengthening the country’s economy, also through integration with the European Union (EU) and other international organisations. From 2004, the EU included Moldova in its European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), and from May 2009 in its Eastern Partnership (EaP). During an EU summit on 27 June 2014, an EU–Moldova Association Agreement was signed, with provisions concerning the EU–Moldova Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement. The aim is to strengthen political dialogue with the country and encourage faster economic growth, which should result in the economic integration of Moldova with the EU market and lead to more intensive trade contacts and greater investment in the country.

Moldova’s needs are mostly associated with the plan for reforms carried out by the Government of Moldova in accordance with the EU’s guidelines and timetable. Signing an EU Association Agreement imposes an obligation to implement certain reforms to align Moldovan standards concerning the legal system and public policy implementation with those in effect in the EU. Work on regional policy reform will be intensified in Moldova to ensure balanced sustainable development of individual regions. Effective implementation of the regional policy will result in more rapid development of the state as a whole and will help achieve the ultimate goal of improving the quality of life of the citizens.

The first stage of adjustment of Moldova’s regional policy to EU standards was its 2012 update of its National Regional Development Strategy and regional development strategies for the years 2013-2015. The next stage will be reform of the model for programming and implementing the regional development policy in Moldova for the period 2016-2020, based on the assumption of closer coordination of regional policy with other national sectoral policies and strengthening the interdependencies of selected public intervention areas.

A significant step will be the 2015 preparation by the Ministry of Regional Development and Construction of Moldova of a draft National Regional Development Strategy for the years 2016-2020 (NRDS) as the most important strategic document concerning Moldova’s regional development at the national level and the overriding document for the strategy of development at the regional level.

To improve the effectiveness of regional policy in Moldova, it must be linked to the spatial policy, which will require the implementation of legislative and institutional changes in the future. The regional development policy should equally implement economic, social and environmental objectives, at the same time aiming for the most efficient management of space. To this end, spatial policy is a fundamental element in the pursuit of an integrated development policy. In view of the fact that, next to social and economic policy, spatial policy is the main component of the development policy, the MRDC and public administration in Moldova should make efforts to improve the efficiency of spatial planning. The inclusion of spatial planning topics in the project will upgrade and align the existing spatial planning system in Moldova to meet the requirements of the new model of programming and implementing regional policy in the country and will help promote a system of integrated planning for development, both for the needs of territorial planning and the aims of regional development. Moreover, the incorporation of the territorial dimension into the development strategy and the principles of an integrated territorial approach in the work on the NRDS will make it possible to combine and coordinate the activities of the ministries and institutions subordinated to them that are active in regional development or that have an on regional development, thereby contributing to more efficient implementation of the development policy and better utilisation of public funds.

Support of public administration in Moldova in preparation of the National Strategy of Regional Development for 2016-2020

The general aim of the project is to improve the efficiency of the system of programming and implementing regional policy in Moldova, to achieve greater social, economic and territorial cohesion in the country.

The project envisages support for the Moldovan partner in the implementation of regional reform, consisting of changing the model of programming and implementing regional policy (RP) in the country for the years 2016-2020, in accordance with EU standards, based on the assumption of closer coordination of RP with other national sectoral policies and strengthening the interdependencies of selected public intervention areas. In this respect, the 2015 preparation of the NRDS will be of key significance, being the most important strategic document for regional development. The project provides for support in drawing up the draft NRDS as well as sharing Polish experiences in monitoring and evaluating RP and the spatial planning system. The project will contribute to better implementation of RP at all administration levels in Moldova. Plans include advisory activities, training and evaluation.

Support of public administration in Moldova in preparation of the National Strategy of Regional Development for 2016-2020

Implementation of the project will have the following results:

  1. Improved capacity of Moldovan administration in programming and implementing regional policy at all levels of administration, including spatial planning – the creation of a set of guidelines for upgrading the spatial planning system in the context of regional policy in Moldova.
  2. Improved quality of strategic documents concerning regional policy – preparation of a draft National Regional Development Strategy for the years 2016-2020.
  3. Increased knowledge and improved competencies on the part of Moldovan staff in monitoring and evaluating the regional development strategy – drawing up recommendations for the needs of the system of monitoring and evaluation of regional policy in Moldova.