Polska pomoc

 

Support for the creation and organization of producer groups in Moldova

Since 2005, the Agricultural Market Agency (AMA) has collaborated actively and effectively with institutions from the agricultural sector in the Republic of Moldova, including in particular the Ministry of Agricultural Policy and Food Industry of the Republic of Moldova, by providing the necessary expert support and co-organisation of joint initiatives, such as “The Moldovan Wine Days in Warsaw.”

The projects that the AMA implemented under the Polish development assistance programme in the years 2006-2008 constituted a significant component of that cooperation. The assistance which AMA experts provided concerned, among other things, the adjustment of the Moldovan agricultural sector according to EU requirements; the operation of intervention mechanisms in selected agricultural markets; the development of a legal basis for the establishment of an intervention agency in Moldova; the development of the structural model and legal framework of an institution responsible for agricultural market regulation; development of the rules for regulation of the various aspects of monitoring the imports and exports of agri-food products, and the promotion of agri-food products.

Assistance to the agricultural sector of the Republic of Moldova has also been provided on an ad hoc basis under bilateral agreements, and most recently has primarily been based on the decisions adopted by the Polish-Moldovan team for the implementation of joint agricultural projects established in 2010 by the ministers for agriculture of the two countries. A representative of the AMA has also served as an Adviser to the Minister for Agricultural Policy and Food Industry of the Republic of Moldova as part of a UNDP programme.

In Moldova, there are major disparities between farmers and producers involved in agricultural production, on the one hand, and distributors and trade intermediaries, on the other. Without adequate financial resources for the development of their activities, farmers and agricultural producers are often forced to use the services of a single buyer. As a result, they have difficulties in marketing their production and are frequently forced to sell their products below their real value or to purchase agricultural inputs at inflated prices. The need for the development of producer groups in Moldova has been referenced in a number of Moldovan documents, most importantly in: the National Development Strategy for 2008-2011 and the Strategy for Sustainable Development of the Agri-Food Sector in 2008-2013.

Support for the creation and organization of producer groups in Moldova

The need for implementation of a project that would support the organisation and establishment of producer groups in Moldova was first articulated in the course of the meetings with the Ministry of Agricultural Policy and Food Industry representatives in Poland as well as the visits of Polish experts to Chișinău and their meeting with the Minister for Agricultural Policy and Food Industry, Mr. Valerym Cosarciuc. The project terms were finalised during the visit of Mr. Tudor Rob, Director of the Marketing and International Cooperation Department of the Moldovan Ministry of Agriculture on the occasion of an investment seminar in Warsaw in November 2010.

Once implemented, the project was expected to contribute in a significant way to the favourable distribution of agricultural products and the limitation of the role of intermediaries in marketing these products. The Polish expert assistance was seen as essential for the adoption of appropriate, effective and realistic solutions in Moldova that would determine the operation of producer groups and the products for which such producer groups could be created. The Polish experts would also present possible support instruments that Moldova could offer to those producer groups.

The project would be addressed to representatives of the Moldovan agricultural sector administration, including the Ministry of Agricultural Policy and Food Industry (the plant production policy, the marketing and international cooperation and food industry departments – 15 people); the payment and intervention agency (2 people); local administrations of agricultural regions (5 people), and agri-food industry entrepreneurs and farmers (primarily from the fruit and vegetable industry – 15 people).

Support for the creation and organization of producer groups in Moldova

The project deliverables included an expert study prepared on the concept of the creation and organisation of producer groups in Moldova and draft legislation defining the regulations, procedures and competences for the creation and operation of such groups. Moreover, the project provided training for 50 farmers and agricultural entrepreneurs in relation to the practical operation of the aforementioned producer groups, and for 20 representatives of the Moldovan Ministry of Agricultural Policy and Food Industry and local administrations in relation to the procedures for the organisation and registration of such producer groups.