Polska pomoc


Support for agricultural advisory services in range to activities that increase incomes of the population living in rural areas of Moldova

In the late 1990s, the Moldovan government launched the privatisation of land and reorganisation of the agricultural sector, which led to significant structural changes in agriculture. In 2000, all farms (over 1,000), with the exception of 46 state-owned and cooperative farms, were restructured, which resulted in two-thirds of the agricultural land being transferred into private hands. The average farm has about 1.8 hectares of land.

The incomplete utilisation of the production capacity of the agricultural sector and possibilities of acquiring non-agricultural income led to considerable degradation of rural areas. The main problem with Moldova’s agricultural sector is the inability to professionally manage farms.

The Moldovan government commenced implementation of the “Moldovan Village Programme” within the Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy to resolve key problems in rural areas. Sustainable economic growth and the creation of jobs are supposed to help reduce poverty. The condition for this is the development of small enterprises and agri-food processing in rural areas, however.

The existing social and economic disparities can be eliminated through sustainable development of rural areas. Great significance is attached to entrepreneurship of residents, especially of women engaged in agritourism and rural tourism with the use of regional and traditional products and the resources of local cultural heritage. Sharing Polish experiences in agritourism can help improve the situation on Moldovan farms.

Support for agricultural advisory services in range to activities that increase incomes of the population living in rural areas of Moldova

The general goal of the project was to improve the economic situation of Moldovan farmers and other rural residents by training local advisory staff to provide services in agricultural technology, organisation of production (including to producer and enterprise groups), rural tourism, agritourism and the creation of regional products, as well as the protection, preservation and effective use of cultural heritage.

The project was carried out with the National Agency for Rural Development (ACSA), which has a network of 425 consultants (of these, 110 regional and 315 municipal) working in 35 teams. ACSA is a non-governmental and independent organisation operating in the whole country. In the beginning, it was mainly involved in training and agricultural consulting, but gradually it has expanded its scope of activities.

The branch of the Pomeranian Agricultural Advisory Centre (PODR) in Gdansk located in Stare Pole carried out four projects between 2007 to 2010, providing support for advisory services and other agricultural staff in Moldova. A considerable portion of PODR training was addressed to ACSA advisers and consultants specialising in advisory services for farmers and micro-entrepreneurs.

The project included the following activities:

  1. Training in PODR b/Stare Pole on “The role of women in developing entrepreneurship, expanding alternative income sources in rural areas of Moldova, and in tourism and agritourism as the regional product”;
  2. Workshops in PODR b/Stare Pole on the organisation of producer groups, conducting high-yield and small-area production technologies and marketing of agricultural products;
  3. Fourth Central and Eastern European Rural Advisory Services Forum in PODR b/Stare Pole on “The role of rural areas in preserving cultural heritage”;
  4. Two-day conference in Chisinau, summing up projects implemented by PODR b/Stare Pole in 2011.

Support for agricultural advisory services in range to activities that increase incomes of the population living in rural areas of Moldova

As a result of the project’s implementation:

  1. A group of 30 leaders was prepared for creating producer groups and developing production and sale of high-yield products manufactured in small areas;
  2. A group of 30 experts/lecturers was prepared for providing advisory agricultural services in the field of entrepreneurship, rural tourism and agritourism;
  3. Workshops in Stare Pole taught 30 participants leadership skills needed for creating agricultural organisations, including producer groups, and for conducting production and marketing of high-yield agricultural cultures;
  4. Action plans were prepared for producer groups of vegetables, fruits, cereals, milk, pigs, poultry and fish.