Polska pomoc


Strengthening of the institutional capacity of public administration in Moldova in the field of preparation of strategic documents and infrastructural projects

In Moldova, the process of regional policy implementation proceeds on the basis of a relatively new and developing legal and institutional framework and solutions. In 2008, the government adopted the National Regional Development Strategy of Moldova for the period 2010-2012 (NRDSM), which sets out the conditions for the management, implementation, funding, monitoring and evaluation of regional development. The NRDSM is the basis for the development of seven-year regional development strategies (RDSs), which are then implemented under three-year regional operational programmes (RPOs). Preparation of RDSs falls within the mandate of regional development agencies (RDAs), which are also responsible for the implementation, monitoring and evaluation of RPOs. The responsibility for the implementation of Moldova’s development policy lies with the Ministry for Regional Development and Construction (MRDC).

The main challenges the MRDC currently faces include: the establishment of practical mechanisms for planning, coordination and implementation of regional policy at all levels of the administration based on a transparent institutional framework, and the introduction of regulatory amendments that would facilitate the implementation of development processes. The Moldovan government has identified a number of impediments to this implementation process, e.g.:

  • the regional strategies developed to date have proven inadequate and inconsistent with the actual developmental challenges and trends;
  • no adequate regional policy programming principles or implementation mechanisms at either the national or the regional level exist; and
  • the low efficiency of the infrastructure initiatives implemented to date.

On 18 February 2010, the Ministry of Regional Development (MRD) of the Republic of Poland and the MRDC of the Republic of Moldova signed a cooperation agreement in the field of regional cooperation, defining the areas and principles of cooperation between the two institutions in the field of regional development. The agreement was adopted by way of execution of the protocol of the first meeting of the Polish-Moldovan Intergovernmental Economic Cooperation Commission, which took place in Warsaw in June 2008. The meeting formally initiated cooperation between Poland and Moldova in the field of regional development. Previously, cooperation with the MRDC was largely limited to meetings between Polish and Moldovan experts, which focused on the issues of planning and implementation of regional development policy at the national, regional and local levels. In December 2011, the MRD and the MRDC held working-level bilateral consultations, during which they agreed on the detailed scope of a project to be implemented in 2012.

Strengthening of the institutional capacity of public administration in Moldova in the field of preparation of strategic documents and infrastructural projects

The project envisaged streamlining the processes of drafting strategic documents and preparing infrastructure projects within the Moldovan public administration in the context of the country’s emerging developmental challenges and trends. Its main objective was to develop guidelines and recommendations for managing and monitoring the preparation of strategic documents and infrastructure projects slated for funding and execution under RPOs.

The project measures were addressed to the staff members of the Moldovan public administration at central and regional level engaged in the processes of programming regional policy and implementation of development projects. This group included the expert staff of the Moldovan MRDC and the Regional Development Agencies (RDAs) of the country’s central, northern and southern regions. To the extent required and possible, participation in the project training activities was also offered to representatives of the Regional Development Councils (RDCs) and local authorities. On the Polish side, the project engaged government administration experts of the MRD, the Ministry of Environment (ME), the General Directorate for National Roads and Motorways (GDNRM) and regional government administration experts of the Marshal’s Office of the Pomeranian Voivodship (MOPV), the Marshal’s Office of the Warmian-Masurian Voivodship (MOWMV) as well as the local administrations of Sopot City Hall (SCH) and Gdansk City Hall (GCH).

The training activities were carried out in the form of training courses combined with workshops; these enabled public administration staff in Moldova to acquire theoretical knowledge and practical skills that would be useful for the Moldovan public administration in developing appropriate systemic and institutional solutions enabling more efficient and effective implementation of development policy at the national and regional levels.

As part of their advisory support activities, the Polish experts prepared an analytical study of the needs in the fields of planning and implementation of strategic regional policy documents as well as development and implementation of infrastructure projects. Having gathered the necessary information, the Polish experts prepared a report which allowed them to define the scope and forms of support to be offered under the project to the MRDC in the aforementioned thematic areas. The project also involved the transfer to their Moldovan counterparts of practical knowledge in the form of the Polish experience and solutions in the fields of development and updating of strategic programme documents and of an infrastructure project assessment and selection system. Relevant recommendations and guidelines were formulated and delivered; these took into account Moldova’s existing administrative and institutional setup, which ensures their applicability.

Strengthening of the institutional capacity of public administration in Moldova in the field of preparation of strategic documents and infrastructural projects

The project, among others, provided the Moldovan side with three studies drafted during the course of the project: one item of informational material and two progress reports containing guidelines and recommendations relating to the management and monitoring of the processes of preparation of strategic documents and infrastructure projects.

In the course of the training sessions and advisory meetings, the Moldovan partners improved their knowledge and skills in managing and monitoring the processes of preparation of strategic documents and infrastructure projects, in particular:

  • the management and monitoring system and the regional policy coordination system;
  • the standards relating to preparation of strategic programme documents required for the implementation of national and regional development strategies;
  • the regional development policy implementation and the development project support instruments;
  • the methodologies for preparation and management of infrastructure investment projects; and
  • the assessment and selection system for the infrastructure projects to be implemented at the national and regional levels.

In addition, the Moldovan partners were provided with theoretical knowledge in the following fields:

  • the development policy programming system;
  • development project preparation procedures and processes, and the system for implementation of such projects;
  • the regional development strategy implementation system and instruments;
  • instruments of regional development financing;
  • management of local level development;
  • the respective roles of public and non-public entities engaged in the implementation of strategies; and
  • horizontal and multi-level coordination mechanisms.