South-South and Triangular Cooperation: Competition or Complementarity for Development effectiveness?
The panellists agreed that both South-South cooperation and trilateral cooperation are not a form of competition vis-à-vis North-South relations, but are indeed complementary and bring added value. This form of cooperation is positively evaluated due to the possibility of exchanging experiences between countries in a similar situation. The panellists underscored that due to the changing global architecture of development cooperation, it is paramount to include new actors in this field, e.g. emerging economies such as China, Brazil and India.
Noting the challenges facing South-South cooperation, the President of Niger informed the audience of the creation of a new programme which plans to allocate EUR 900m over 5 years towards the relevant activities. He added that the global governance system and the world economy must be strengthened, and called for greater integration. M. Chambas recalled that the creation of the ACP Group of Countries in 1975 was meant to deepen South-South cooperation. Minister J. Pomianowski pointed to the lack of appropriate definitions of these forms of cooperation, and to problems resulting from a lack of statistics and evaluation. He added that Poland does not support cutting funds for trilateral cooperation. MEP Lastra stated that such forms of cooperation are important for achieving better results. E. Mwencha pointed to technology and finance as key elements in trilateral cooperation, and added that one of the added values of South-South cooperation is the shorter time needed for project implementation than in the case of EDF financing. A representative from the Spanish MFA in the audience suggested that the EU cooperate with Upper Middle Income Countries in the context of ending bilateral cooperation with these countries, in line with the EU Agenda for Change.
 Organizer: International Organization of La Francophonie (OIF) Panellists: Mahamadou Issoufou (President of Niger); Clément Duhaime (OIF Administrator ), Mohammed Ibn Chambas (Secretary General of the ACP Group), Erastus Mwencha (Deputy Chair, African Union Commission), Jerzy Pomianowski (MFA Undersecretary of State), Martin Dahinden (Director General, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation), Ricardo Cortes Lastra (MEP) and the Brazilian ambassador to Poland, Carlos Alberto Simas Magalhaes. Moderator: Pietro Sicuro (OIF Permanent Representation to the EU).
 Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: Increasing the impact of EU development policy: Agenda for change COM(2011) 637.