Polska pomoc

 

Rural areas development challenge for inhabitants of village and local self-governments of the Republic of Moldova

The members of the Zulawy Branch of the Scientific and Technical Association of Agricultural Engineers and Technicians (STAAET) began to cooperate with their Moldovan partners in 2007, when they implemented a project entitled “Creating economic change in agriculture and the small enterprise sector, including agri-tourism.” In 2008 they continued with a project entitled “The impact of agricultural advisory services on the development of agriculture and enterprises in rural areas of the Republic of Moldova,” and in 2009 with another project entitled “Programming local development in rural areas of the Republic of Moldova,” which they implemented jointly with the National Rural Development Agency in Chișinău (NRDA).

These previous collaborative efforts on the part of the Polish contractor have helped it to recognise the needs and opportunities for the implementation of projects in Moldova’s various regions and municipalities. Through their involvement in similar previously implemented projects, their Moldovan partners, who work for the benefit of Moldova’s rural areas, familiarised themselves with the methods of solving socio-economic problems in Polish rural areas and with the rules of operation of ​​various institutions in this field; they also acquired skills in fundraising and programme management. They are also interested in appropriating and applying Polish experiences in the field of operation and cooperation of administrations, local governments, government agencies and non-governmental organisations working for the development of rural areas.

The priority task for Moldova is to increase the role of local authorities through increasing their competencies and independence. The adoption of laws on local authorities and on decentralisation of public administration was the first step in that direction. These issues were also included in the National Development Plan for Moldova for the Years 2008-2011. Consolidation of local authorities is also one of the priorities of the EU-Moldova Action Plan, which emphasises the need to continue the administrative reform and cooperation between local governments in keeping with European standards, particularly those mentioned by the European Local Government Charter, with particular attention paid to the experience and recommendations of the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of the Council of Europe.

Rural areas development challenge for inhabitants of village and local self-governments of the Republic of Moldova

The Polish project executor has extensive experience in the development of territorial self-government, which it gained both before and after Poland’s integration with the European Union. This experience enabled it to transfer to the Moldovan project partners the Polish experience in building up local governance and in understanding the role local governments play in rural development.

The project provided for the delivery of advisory, training, information sharing and logistics support to representatives of Moldova’s local governments and administration, advisory services, agricultural organisations, educational, cultural and research institutions, agricultural and non-agricultural businesses and non-governmental organisations in solving economic and social problems affecting rural areas, achieving economically and environmentally sustainable development of those areas and disseminating related knowledge.

The Polish side aimed to share its experience gleaned from Poland’s local government and economic reform in rural areas, with particular emphasis on the various actors involved in that process in the Pomeranian Voivodship: the state administration, local governments, advisory and educational institutions, agricultural and non-agricultural businesses and non-governmental organisations.

Rural areas development challenge for inhabitants of village and local self-governments of the Republic of Moldova

As a result of the project activities, the 40 participants in the training provided in Stare Pole became experts in: the politics, theory and practice of rural area development; economic, social and cultural engagement of rural area residents; social engagement in rural development programming; methods of rural development support; the principles of sustainable development of rural areas; the social leadership role of local governments; and advisory services and dissemination of information in the socio-economic activation of rural areas.