Polska pomoc

 

Reinforcing the capacity of public administration and local government of Ukraine in implementing solutions to improve energy efficiency and promote renewable energy in municipal heating, with particular emphasis on public buildings and municipal houses

In Ukraine, natural gas is the dominant fuel used for both district and individual heating (natural gas consumption on the part of large-scale heating plants represents 76-80 per cent of their total fuel consumption for heating). Considering the increasingly limited gas supplies from Russia, Ukraine has an urgent need to identify alternative solutions in this field, including the use of RES. At the same time, Ukraine also has an urgent need to increase its energy savings in the heating sector, which is by far the leading contributor to energy supply costs both in local government budgets and in household spending. Existing heating systems are in need of urgent upgrades, but first a reliable assessment of the current and future heating needs of every city has to be carried out, including the need for improved thermal protection of public buildings.

The public administration and self-government authorities of Ukraine are responsible for deciding on the transformation plans of local heating systems and on the selection of the best development scenarios. Determining the best solution depends on their knowledge and competency. There is no way to improve this situation without first improving their competency in such areas as the development of scenarios for the transformation of the heating sector and related economic conditions; the performance of supply and usage audits for heat energy and associated fuels, including RES; and implementation of effective mechanisms for an assessment of the energy efficiency of the respective projects.

Reinforcing the capacity of public administration and local government of Ukraine in implementing solutions to improve energy efficiency and promote renewable energy in municipal heating, with particular emphasis on public buildings and municipal houses

The purpose of the project was to teach officials from the public administration and local government administrations of Ukraine about rational district heating management at the municipal, district and the provincial level, as well as the effective use of RES. The project tasks focused on the problems of implementing national and EU legislation and the drafting of procedures to facilitate effective heat supply planning, including support for the development of a standard catalogue of projects reducing heat consumption in buildings and the construction of variant municipal heat balances before and after the implementation of heat conservation projects.

As part of the project, four interactive training workshops were organised in Ukraine that involved Polish experts who shared their expertise and experience in applying procedures for the preparation of heat supply plans in Poland. The Ukrainian participants were trained in the development and use of tools (Polish experts prepared versions for demonstration) for the preparation of municipal resource inventories, which are the basis for balancing current and forecast heating needs (including central heating and hot water) and for a preliminary assessment of the effectiveness of the municipal heat supply variants under consideration.

A study tour of Poland was organised for representatives of the Ukrainian administration. Its aim was to present the practical aspects of the transformation of heating management systems, including the use of RES, e.g. biogas from sewage treatment plants and municipal landfills. The tour was combined with workshops aimed at enhancing participants’ knowledge of district heating management at the level of municipalities, communes and provinces in Poland.

The project work was summarised in a report that included conclusions and recommendations, as well as models and data forms for balancing and forecasting heat demand and for a preliminary assessment of project effectiveness. The report was disseminated among public authorities and local governments of Ukraine.

Reinforcing the capacity of public administration and local government of Ukraine in implementing solutions to improve energy efficiency and promote renewable energy in municipal heating, with particular emphasis on public buildings and municipal houses

Representatives of local administrations in Ukraine learned about effective heating sector management at the municipal, district and the provincial level, with particular emphasis on the thermal modernisation of municipal buildings. The knowledge shared included regulations that affect the development of district heating. The project drew attention to the need to establish an inventory of municipal stock, including its structural and energy consumption features. A user-friendly application was developed for that purpose, making it possible to catalogue listed assets and provide models of thermal modernisation projects. The project tasks also included the development of an advanced city heat map enabling the reliable balancing of thermal needs and an assessment of the effectiveness of measures aimed at increasing efficiency.

The improved competencies of administrations and the resultant decisions of those administration can improve the situation of many residents of municipalities, districts and provinces, as they may contribute to a rapid and considerable reduction in budgetary expenditures on the part of local governments. The demonstration calculation tools created as part of the project for municipal building stock inventories; the development of simplified energy, construction and localisation profiles for such municipal resources; and for balancing the supply and use of heat can be used by the Ukrainian local authorities as examples of a systematic and orderly approach to the modernisation of municipal heating systems and effective modernisation of the Ukrainian heating sector at the local level.