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Recognition and disposal of risk during fires, chemical and technical rescue - training for Moldavian firefighters

The Central School of the State Fire Service launched the modular project “Identification and elimination of hazards during fires, chemical and technical rescue – training for firefighters from Moldova.” The project was addressed to the rescue personnel of the fire service from Moldova. The Service of Civil Protection and Emergency Situations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Moldova was a project partner. Thanks to the selection of the target group, the knowledge acquired by participants in the course of the project was implemented in the units where they are serving. The selection of topics in the project was determined on the basis of proposals submitted by the partner. It is particularly important for the persons taking part in the training to learn about methods of identifying and eliminating hazards during fires and chemical and technical rescue operations, the responsibilities of commanders and how to operate modern equipment.

Recognition and disposal of risk during fires, chemical and technical rescue - training for Moldavian firefighters

The project was implemented in two modules. In each of the modules, 10 representatives of the Moldovan fire service were trained. The training took place from 24 September to 5 October 2012 and from 18 to 29 March 2013. In the first module, firefighters from Moldova were trained to identify and eliminate hazards in chemical and technical rescue operations. Classes were conducted on the school training grounds, in modern classrooms, laboratories and workshops by the staff of the Central School of the State Fire Service and by external specialists. Joint exercises with the staff of the school’s Rescue Unit were an excellent way of exchanging experience, at the same time allowing for comparison of rescue procedures in both countries. In the course of the workshops, firefighters from Poland and Moldova had a chance to share their observations regarding the differences in the rescue systems of their countries.

The topics of training included, among others:

  • Identification of hazards – labelling hazardous chemical materials in transport, storage and marketing;
  • Tactics in chemical rescue operations;
  • Equipment for limiting oil spills;
  • Management of rescue operations, coordination of actions, working together with the media;
  • Rescue actions after construction accidents and searching for missing persons;
  • The legal basis for organising the chemical and environmental rescue system in Poland;
  • Chemical and environmental hazards – sources, causes and effects;
  • Tactics in the environmental rescue system;
  • Identification of hazards – measuring and controlling equipment for determining hazardous chemical compounds;
  • Protection of the environment upon completion of actions;
  • Clothing and personal protection equipment of firefighters;
  • Types of fire extinguishers and their effects;
  • Portable fire extinguishing equipment;
  • Extinguishing fires of particularly hazardous substances and other substances;
  • Types of fixed fire extinguishing devices: water, foam, powder, gas, aerosol;
  • Operating temperatures of electrical equipment;
  • Causes of hazards in electrical installations and equipment;
  • Fire safety when using electrical equipment and installations, as well as legal issues;
  • Statistics on causes of fires in Poland and examples of fires caused by phenomena in electrical equipment and installations;
  • Study of overloaded electrical wires and cables and the connection of contacts in electrical equipment and devices;
  • Road accidents involving lorries;
  • Emergency lifting of lorries;
  • Analysis of selected events;
  • Use of medical equipment in rescue and fire extinguishing operations.

The knowledge acquired during this training will be passed on to firefighters from the units in which the training participants serve.

Next to the classes in the Central School of the State Fire Service (SFS), the training participants also became acquainted with the operation of the Municipal Headquarters of the State Fire Service in Dabrowa Gornicza.

Recognition and disposal of risk during fires, chemical and technical rescue - training for Moldavian firefighters

The training carried out in the Central School of the SFS upgraded the skills of public services of Moldova, raised the effectiveness of performed tasks, and improved safety and the state of the environment. Afterwards, 20 firefighters from Moldova returned to their country supplied with such things as special clothing and shoes, PSP R1 medical emergency kits, a multi-gas detector, sets for protecting the area of action, gas-tight clothing and masks with gas filters.