Polska pomoc


Preparation of local governments of Moldova to the effective absorption of EU funds

Consolidation of local authority bodies is one of the priorities of the EU-Moldova Action Plan, which emphasises the necessity of continuing administrative reforms and cooperation of local governments in accordance with European standards, particularly those referred to in the European Charter of Local Self-Government, with special focus on the experience and recommendations of the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of the Council of Europe. The main problem of Moldovan local authorities is lack of skills and lack of involvement of local governments and the community in seeking funds to support infrastructure investments and small- and medium-sized economic undertakings. Poland has broad experience in the development of local self-governance and its role in rural areas, which has been shared with the Moldovan partners since 2007. In view of the above, the project partner and the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry of Moldova have requested that training be organised on the preparation of Moldova’s local governments for effective absorption of EU funds for a 30-person group composed of representatives of local authority bodies, chairs of regions and members of regional councils, local communities and municipal National Agency for Rural Development (ACSA) consultants.

The existing cooperation of the Pomeranian Agricultural Advisory Centre (PODR) in Gdansk, Stare Pole branch, with the National Agency for Rural Development in Chisinau, concerns mainly the implementation of a European multi-functional system and sustainable development of rural areas, including activation of local communities. The PODR Branch in Stare Pole, as partner of the Zulawy Branch of the Scientific and Technical Association of Agricultural Engineers and Technicians, took part in training of Moldovan agricultural advisory staff and representatives of active local government units concerning the preparation of programmes for rural renewal, environmental protection and development of agritourism and rural tourism. The project outcomes are applied in the statutory activity of ACSA.

Preparation of local governments of Moldova to the effective absorption of EU funds

The main aim of the project was to convey theoretical and practical knowledge concerning the preparation of projects to obtain financial assistance for their implementation, and also to strengthen the potential of local authority bodies in the field of planning budget formation, implementation and monitoring. The workshops in Stare Pole were attended by a group of 30 people representing local Moldovan governments and administration, advisory services, non-governmental organisations and other institutions operating in rural areas. The project was also intended to activate local communities in rural areas of Moldova.

The workshop programme covered issues concerning the role and responsibilities of units and agencies in supporting development of rural areas and the possibilities of implementing Polish experiences, the general methodology of preparing projects and operational programmes and bottom-up methods of supporting rural development. Practical activities included preparation of examples of projects to increase human capital, infrastructure investments, enterprise activities and investments in agriculture, as well as the involvement of residents in the implementation of projects that change their living area.

Preparation of local governments of Moldova to the effective absorption of EU funds

The project will help improve the quality of services provided by local government authorities and develop their potential, and will also strengthen cooperation of local authorities with members of communities and consultants of the National Agency for Rural Development in Chisinau. It will also help in the creation and strengthening of the potential of local groups formed from members of communities for the purpose of identifying and favourably resolving problems affecting those communities. The outcome of these activities will be the work of advisers as expert lecturers and at the same time as leaders of the changes taking place in rural areas.

Advisory services will expand the scope of operation from typically agricultural to development of rural areas, whereas local governments will be supplied with professional knowledge allowing for the application of the new, European approach in matters of programming development and designing undertakings that use external funds, including EU funds. An important long-term outcome will be the increased professionalism of the Moldovan advisory services, their institutional strengthening and rising prestige among village residents and, importantly, a stronger role and impact of local authorities on social and economic changes.