Polish Official Development Assistance (ODA) in 2010 amounted to roughly PLN 1.139 million (USD 377.89 million), which constitutes 0.08 % GNI (gross national income). It consists of the Polish contributions within the framework of multilateral assistance, which represented almost 75% of the financial resources allocated to development cooperation in 2010, and of funding and support for projects in the framework of bilateral aid.
Polish multilateral assistance is granted in two forms: firstly, through a membership fee to the EU budget, Poland participates in financing the EU's development policy. The second form of assistance consists of membership fees and voluntary payments to the budgets of international organizations, multilateral funds and aid programmes. In 2010, Poland contributed EUR 203.10 million (PLN 810.94 million, USD 269 million) to the EU budget, which constituted 3.07 % of development policy funds allocated by the Member States to the general EU budget and 70% of the Polish ODA. Additionally, in 2010 the MFA spent over PLN 9 million on membership fees and voluntary payments to the budgets of international organizations, multilateral funds and aid programmes.
Polish bilateral aid was primarily financed from a special purpose reserve managed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which in 2010 accounted for PLN 100 million. Other government bodies, including the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Science and Higher Education, the Ministry of the Environment, the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of National Defence, also contributed to supporting development projects and humanitarian actions.
Polish development assistance projects, carried out by the MFA's partners, were selected via the following calls for proposals administered by the MFA:
- Polish Aid 2010, which was directed to a broad range of entities such as NGOs, research institutes, universities, local governments and central administration bodies (nearly PLN 24.3 million);
- Polish Aid Volunteering Programme, which enabled 22 volunteers to participate in 17 projects in 12 countries (over PLN 0.6 million);
- Development Education 2010, carried out in cooperation with the Ministry of National Education and the Ministry of Science and Higher Education (nearly PLN 1.2 million).
Additionally, 32 initiatives were carried out by the Polish team of experts from the Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) in the Ghazni province of Afghanistan (over PLN 16 million). Moreover, within the small grants scheme - which provides support for local communities in close cooperation with Polish diplomatic missions - 89 projects were chosen for implementation in 2010 (PLN 6.3 million).
The MFA contributed PLN 12.4 million (USD 4.1 million) to humanitarian aid, particularly in Albania, Afghanistan, Palestinian National Authority, Montenegro, Haiti, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova and Pakistan. Polish aid funds were provided through bilateral assistance (e.g. in response to humanitarian appeals issued by the UN or the International Committee of the Red Cross), and multilateral contributions to humanitarian aid institutions.
Furthermore, in 2010 financial support - in the form of concessional government credits, debt relief and financial contributions to selected initiatives implemented by international financial institutions, provided by the Ministry of Finance in cooperation with the MFA - amounted to PLN 162.6 million. 4261 foreign students, as well as 419 PhD students and long-term interns from 74 countries, studied in Poland as part of the development cooperation programme. In 2010, PLN 16 million was expended by the Office for Foreigners to aid refugees by covering the costs of food, accommodation and health care.