Polska pomoc

 

Pilot project on rural wastewater treatment plant

In Moldova, there are nearly 900 villages with more than 1,000 residents. But there are practically no sewage treatment facilities there. The few old systems that do exist, built in the times of the Soviet Union, have turned out to be ineffective and have not been operating for many years due to their high maintenance costs. This has a very negative impact on the quality of drinking water in village wells. Tests have shown that because of biological contamination most of them should be shut down immediately. Unfortunately, they must continue operating because there are no alternative water sources.

As part of the national Forum on Rural Development, in 2010 the East Foundation, together with local environmental organisations, tested water in wells in the village of Braviceni (the venue of the forum). Of the dozen or so existing wells, not one met drinking water standards.

In the National Development Plan, one of the priorities of the government of Moldova is to resolve problems with access to drinking water. Poland’s experience has shown that the use of water in villages supplied with water mains has increased threefold to fivefold. Given the very warm climate and dense population in Moldova, the introduction of water main installations in villages without resolving the sewage problems may lead to an environmental disaster. Relatively small sewage treatment units that meet the highest environmental standards and are easy to build and operate (and have proved to function very well in Poland) can be a good solution for Moldova’s rural areas. Thus, the East Foundation, in cooperation with the Green Technology Centre programme of the Podlaskie Narew Nature Station, plans to build two pilot sewage treatment stations (with a ground plant filter) and at the same time conduct practical training in engineering, construction and operation of facilities of this kind in rural areas.

Pilot project on rural wastewater treatment plant

The project was aimed at building an exemplary rural sewage treatment plant and at resolving the problem of treatment of sewage from public utility buildings in the village of Braviceni. At the same time, it included practical training of the local partners (employees of local government, environmental organisations, and future contractors of treatment plants including architects, engineers and manual workers) in the design, construction and operation of rural sewage treatment plants. The experience gained will be useful when building environmental sewage treatment plants sponsored by other potential donors in the future.

Pilot project on rural wastewater treatment plant

During the project, knowledge and Polish experiences were conveyed in the field of sewage management in rural areas and the design, construction and operation of environmental sewage treatment plants both as part of a study visit to Poland and during practical training while building sewage treatment plants. The two completed environmental sewage treatment plants servicing public utility buildings in the Braviceni municipality will solve the problem of sewage treatment. The purchased equipment for transporting sewage and regenerating the fire protection tank will lead to an improvement of quality of life for the residents.