Polska pomoc

Moldova

Introduction

Moldova ranks 107. (2014) in the HDI (Human Development Index) published by the UNDP, which annually monitors the social and economic development of countries around the world. The country exhibits a low level of national income and other development indicators – this country belongs to the poorest countries in Europe and is largely dependent on international aid. The dependence on the supply of raw materials from Russia and the existence of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (not recognized on the international arena) in Transnistria, the most industrialised region of the country. A problem that is of significance for the EU is the fact that the transit route for smuggling illegal immigrants from the Middle East, South Asia, and South-Eastern Asia as well as from the Commonwealth of Independent States crosses Moldova. Signing the association agreement with the EU and DCFTA is a turning point for implementing systemic and economic reforms, which will strengthen the institutional structures at every level, will reduce the vulnerability of the country to economic situation and will contribute to removing the barriers that block the development of export. Since 2004, Moldova has been on the list of priority recipients of Polish Aid.

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Actions in 2015

In total, 21 projects were implemented for the total amount of PLN 6,118,341, including  11 local government units/NGO projects for the amount of PLN 4,401,526, 3 administrative projects for PLN 978,105 and 7 projects under the Small Grants System undertaken by the Polish Embassy in Chișinău for PLN 738,710 (see full list).  

The development cooperation for Moldova (projects run by (non-governmental organization projects, local governmental units, government administration units) was performed according to the following priorities:

 

  • Regional development and decentralisation (6 projects – PLN 1,272,818)

The actions were intended to strengthen the central administration in preparing and implementing the legal framework for financing local governments and to support administration at every level in establishing structures needed to effectively absorb the national and international funds, in line with EU standards, and based on the model of closer cooperation with other national sectoral policies. An important element of the actions took the form of continued support granted by the Ministry of Development to the Moldovan authorities in drawing up the Regional Development Strategy of Moldova 2016-2020 and in building the competences of the institutions responsible for regional development in developing and implementing their own strategies.

 

  • Development of rural areas (9 projects – PLN 4,012,082)

The undertaken actions strengthened the potential of agricultural producers as well as small and medium enterprises from rural areas. The projects undertaken with the help of inter-governmental organizations contributed to improving the competitiveness of the agricultural production. Further model and modernised farms were established, which are using innovative technologies in production or processing. Some of them also use non-conventional or diversified energy sources and energy-efficient technologies. As a result of implementing Polish Aid projects, rural areas benefited from the access to modern technologies related to the water and sewage management and waste management. In turn, implementing projects under the Small Grants System contributed to modernising the rural infrastructure, also in terms of improving the quality of the education, healthcare, and welfare systems.

 

  • Public security and border management (1 project – PLN 323,545)

Actions under the project contributed to strengthening the border control, including verification of authenticity of documents and strengthening the forensic analysis division of the Border Police of the Republic of Moldova.

 

Via the Solidarity Fund PL, MFA providedfunds in the amount of PLN 585,770 to continue the actions conducted by the Local Authorities Information Centre in Ialoveni in Moldova (see history: Actions in 2012). The Centre financed 12 small projects, which contributed to the development of the local community through strengthening participatory mechanisms, working with the youth, actions for persons with disabilities, and the development of small infrastructure. The projects were implemented by Moldovan local governments in cooperation with social partners using the learning by doing method. Moreover, the Centre organized 15 workshops for local leaders and 7 study visits to initiate the cooperation of Polish-Moldovan partnerships among different social groups. The Centre conducted consults for approx. 60 local governments, non-governmental organisations, and social initiatives. 

Under the continued  Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration (see history: Actions in 2011), the representatives of the Moldovan administration attended two training modules, i.e. Internships at the civil service for the Eastern Partnership countries (3 persons) and European integration (5 persons). The amount of PLN 57,341 was allocated for this purpose.

Poland supported the UNIDO project in the area of solar energy for Moldova with EUR 100,000 and  a programme for eradicating pesticides and harmful chemicals managed by the NATO Trust Fund, Partnership for Peace, and OSCE for PLN 150,000.

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Actions in 2014

In total, 28 projects were undertaken for the total amount of PLN 6,933,488 including 8 local government units/NGO projects for PLN 4,142,743 and 7 administrative projects for PLN 1,742,617 and 13 projects implemented by the Polish Embassy in Chișinău under the framework of the Small Grants System for the total amount of PLN 1,048,128 (see full list).

The development cooperation for Moldova (projects run by (non-governmental organization projects, local governmental units, government administration units) was performed according to the following priorities:

 

  • Regional development and decentralisation: (10 projects – PLN 1,805,730)

These actions were intended to prepare the regional and local administration to effectively absorb the national and international funds e.g. by improving the competence in creating and next implementing their own strategies. The Ministry of Infrastructure and Development played a major role in this respect by supporting the Moldovan authorities in writing their regional development strategy. Polish specialists shared their knowledge and experience about effective absorption of national and international funds with the Moldovan officials.

Moreover, Polish expert support in the area of chemicals management contributed to the enactment of regulations that are compatible with the EU standard in this area; an institution to manage chemicals was also established.

 

  • Agriculture and development of rural areas (7 projects – PLN 3,615,369)

The most funds available under the Polish Aid programme contributed to the development of agricultural production and of the potential of small and medium enterprises in rural areas. The projects run by NGOs helped to establish several model farms that use innovative solutions in their agricultural activity and agricultural processing, including energy-efficient technologies. A series of training courses and workshops in agricultural counselling and non-agricultural business activity were held; Polish experiences in the area of associations of producers (cooperatives) were also shared. A network of advisors, which was strengthened with the help of the funds available under the Polish Aid programme, shares best practice gained while implementing projects with further farmers and entrepreneurs interested in developing their own activity.

Moreover, Polish specialists supported Moldovan employees of a phytosanitary diagnostics laboratory in implementing international standards in the area of foot safety. 

 

  • Public security and border management (2 projects – PLN 726,357)

Implementation of projects of the public administration contributed to strengthening the Moldovan border guard and police in the area of creating modern structures based on the solutions implemented in the EU, which are able to counteract cross-border and organized crime.

 

As a continuation of the Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration in cooperation with the National School of Public Administration that had been initiated in 2011, the representatives of the Moldovan administration attended two training modules entitled Internships at the civil service. Strengthening the human resources management system in the civil service of the Eastern Partnership countries (3 persons) and European integration (9 persons). PLN 80,155 was allocated for this purpose.

Moreover, MFA provided the funds of the Solidarity Fund PL to support democratization actions in Moldova. Also, a mission of Polish observers for the parliamentary election as part of the ODIHR/OSCE mission was organized, monitoring of financing the election campaign was also conducted.  Moreover, actions intended to engage the youth in the process of systemic transformation and to change civic attitudes were implemented, political leaders were trained, and best practices in care establishments for persons with mental disabilities were implemented.

The operation of the Local Authorities Information Centre in Moldova continued. Thanks to the support of the MFA and USAID, the Center has launched its own grant scheme in the fall of 2014, making it possible to realise local projects in 2014-2015. MFA donated PLN 367,620 for this purpose.

The total support of the Solidarity Fund PL was PLN 1,554,164.

UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization) was provided with PLN 85,000 for the technical assistance programme in the area of solar energy for Moldova.

 

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Actions in 2013

In 2013, 24 projects were undertaken in the Republic of Moldova, among them 6 local government units/NGO projects and 7 administrative projects, for the total amount of PLN 5 225 985, and 11 projects in the framework of the Small Grants System for the amount of EUR 122 918,61 (see full list).

In 2013 the Polish development cooperation activities in Moldova are performed according to the following priorities (non-governmental organization projects, local governmental units, government administration units):

  • Public security and border management (5 projects - PLN 941 919)
    in particular: amelioration of public security and counteracting organized crime, smuggling goods, support for subjects responsible for public safety, crisis management and environmental protection.
  • Regional development and decentralisation (4 projects - PLN 1 556 386)
    in particular: preparation of the regional and local administration to the effective use of EU funds, strengthening of the coordinative role of the Minister for Regional Development and Construction of Moldova in implementing the regional reform.
  • Development of rural areas (4 projects - PLN 2 727 680 PLN)
    in particular: assistance for small and medium enterprises, agricultural cooperation and consulting, promotion and implementation of innovative farming technology for the modernization of rural infrastructure.

The Local Authorities Information Centre in Moldova was opened in October 2012. The creation of the Centre was based on the “Memorandum of Understanding” signed 29 June 2012 between the MFA of the Republic of Poland and the Ministry of Regional Development and Construction of Moldova. According to the agreement the Centre will be located in Regional Development Agency in Laloveni and shall have a informative, coordinative and educational role. The function of the Centre is providing information on overseas projects and grants, as well as procedures for receiving domestic and international organization financing.

The project of the Centre is realized in the scope of “Moldova Task Force”, which is a part of the Democracy Partnership Challenge.

Program Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration (EPAPA)

In 2013 the next edition of the Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration (EPAPA) will be launched in cooperation with the National School of Public Administration, it will be directed at the representatives of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine.

The Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration is a program devoted to strengthening of public administration in the Eastern Partnership countries through the organization of specialized courses for officials from partner states. The aim is to create a professional public administration personnel in the Eastern Partnership countries, which shall serve as a base of experts assisting in the implementation of the principles of a democratic state with the rule of law.

The representatives of the Moldovan administration shall take part in two training modules: civil service training – for all Eastern Partnership countries, and EU negotiation training – for representatives from the Republic of Moldova.

Learn more about Polish assistance to Moldova:

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Actions in 2012

A total of 24 projects were implemented (see full list) amounting to PLN 4,376,333.10, including:

  • 6 projects financed to the sum of PLN 2,419,927 implemented by NGOs and local government authorities,
  • 5 projects financed to the sum of PLN 1,475,227 implemented by central government bodies,
  • 10 projects financed to the sum of PLN 394,182.40 implemented by the Polish Embassy in the framework of the Small Grants System,
  • 3 assistance projects supporting democratization and societies in transition, implemented by the Solidarity Fund PL, financed to the sum of PLN 86,996.70.

In 2012 Poland’s development cooperation activities for Moldova (projects by NGOs, local government authorities, and central government authorities) were implemented in the framework of the following priorities:

  • public safety and border management (3 projects – PLN  733,950),
    in particular: improving public safety and counteracting organized crime, supporting entities responsible for public safety and environmental protection.
  • regional development and decentralization (5 projects – PLN 1,141,235),
    in particular: developing an effective and transparent funding system for local governments; preparing regional and local administration to effectively absorb EU funds; boosting the coordinating role of the Moldovan Ministry of Regional Development and Construction in the area of implementing regional reform.
  • development of rural areas (3 projects – PLN 2,019,969),
    in particular: supporting small and medium enterprises, agricultural cooperatives and agricultural advisory; increasing the competitiveness of agricultural production in terms of phytosantiary controls, support for organizing a laboratory base in the food chain; promotion and implementation of innovative techniques and technologies in farms, modernizing rural infrastructure.

Moreover, humanitarian aid payments amounting to PLN 440,000 were made in response to the droughts affecting Moldova.

In October 2012 the Local Authorities Information Centre in Moldova was opened. The Centre was established pursuant to a Memorandum of Understanding signed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland and the Ministry of Regional Development and Construction of the Republic of Moldova. It has its seat in the Regional Development Agency "Centru" in Laloveni. Its aim is to ensure access to information about international projects, grants and procedures relating to sources of funding from national and international organizations. The project to establish the Centre is an element of the Moldova Task Force, which is part of the Democracy Partnership Challenge project. In 2012 a total of PLN 319,832 was allocated towards the Centre’s activities.

In 2012, 15 Moldovan civil servants  took part in the second edition of a programme of the Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration whose aim was to strengthen government administration in the Eastern Partnership countries through the organisation of specialist training courses for civil servants from the EaP partnership countries. The programme trains professional civil servants in the EaP countries who then provide the necessary expertise needed to implement the rule of law. The training courses, organised in collaboration with the National School of Public Administration involved value-based management, the economics of public finance and security and defence policies.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in collaboration with the National School of Public Administration, organised a SENSE (Strategic Economic Needs and Security Exercise) training, attended by 11 representatives of the Moldovan government administration and the private sector. SENSE is a training programme that uses computer simulation to run a market-economy country. The main objective of the programme is to strengthen the government administration of the beneficiary countries, promoting reforms and rules of good governance at the national and local levels.

Read more about Polish assistance to Moldova:

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Actions in 2011

In the framework of Poland’s 2011 development cooperation programme, 12 projects were implemented in Moldova (including 2 projects implemented jointly in several countries, i.e. Moldova, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, and Ukraine). The total financing amounted to PLN 2 856 572, expended by NGOs, government administration and local self-government bodies, as well as 8 small grants projects amounting to PLN 396 479. The projects were implemented in the framework of the following priorities:

  • Good governance, in particular: preventing and combating corruption, public finance management, boosting self-government, professional training in the field of municipal services, and EaP initiatives (6 projects worth a total of PLN 1 868 217);
  • Rural development and agriculture, in particular: phytosanitary standards (6 projects worth a total of PLN 988 355).

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Actions in 2010

Projects implemented in 2010 corresponded to the principal areas of support for the Republic of Moldova as defined in the Polish foreign aid programme, and consisted of supporting and promoting good governance, agricultural and rural development, counteracting human trafficking and implementing European standards.

In 2010, 13 aid projects were implemented in Moldova by NGOs, government administration, and local government bodies, and the Polish Embassy in Kishinev. Total appropriations for activities implemented in Moldova in the framework of the 2010 Polish foreign aid programme amounted to ca. PLN 2 million.

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Actions in 2009

In 2009, Polish development aid for Moldova focused on the following areas:

  • rural and agricultural development (including agritourism);
  • developing local governance and civil society;
  • developing small enterprise;
  • strengthening public administration (esp. with regard to migration management, counteracting human trafficking, financial system transparency, and implementing European standards).

In 2009, 15 projects were implemented in Moldova, with appropriations of over PLN 1.5 million.  Additionally, the MFA financed the participation of Polish observers as part of the OECD mission during the Moldovan general elections in April and July 2009 (total cost: PLN 224 000).

More information on all 2009 projects can be found in the Annual Report on "Poland's Development Co-operation Programme" (see Documents and Publications).

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Actions in 2008

Priority sectors of Polish development aid in Moldova in 2008 included:

  • rural and agricultural development;
  • supporting civil society, in particular through the development of local government and democratisation of the Moldovan media;
  • strengthening public administration (especially with regard to migration management, counteracting human trafficking, organizing trainings in obtaining EU funds).

In 2008, 26 projects were implemented in Moldova, with appropriations of over PLN 4.3 million.

More information on all 2008 projects can be found in the Annual Report on "Poland's Development Co-operation Programme" (see Documents and Publications).

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