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International society common efforts in the field of drugs smuggling and trafficking in human beings

The Republic of Moldova is a country that is particularly vulnerable to organised crime involved in human trafficking and drug trafficking. At the same time, limiting the activities of organised criminal groups within the territory of Moldova, a country bordering with EU member states, can contribute to improving security within the EU. One of the ways in which these negative phenomena can be combated is through broad-based international operational investigative activities conducted by the Moldovan law enforcement agencies. The project put special emphasis on improving the operational efficiency and effectiveness of these services at the national and international levels. The completed project was addressed to the Moldovan border guard and police services engaged in combating organised crime and was consistent with the European Union’s Strategy and Action Plan on ​​combating drug-related crime.

International society common efforts in the field of drugs smuggling and trafficking in human beings

The main project objective was to provide assistance in the process of implementation and harmonisation of the measures for combating illicit drug trafficking and human trafficking, with particular emphasis on international cooperation. The project consisted of three thematic study units.

The first unit focused on the subject of “Combating drug trafficking and human trafficking. Methods of drug smuggling. Methods of people smuggling” (Chișinău, 28 June to 2 July 2010).

The unit curriculum focused on the following topics:

  • the world’s drug production areas and smuggling routes;
  • drugs concealment and masking methods used by organised criminal groups;
  • active forms of law enforcement in combating drug trafficking;
  • cross-border cooperation in drug-smuggling-related matters;
  • the international community’s undertakings to combat drug trafficking;
  • international-scale operations carried out in order to combat drug trafficking;
  • drug and drug precursor trafficking routes, with particular emphasis on the Republic of Moldova;
  • people smuggling and human trafficking – conditions, methods and trends;
  • combating “human trafficking,” with particular emphasis on the region of South-Eastern Europe;
  • international cooperation in the field of combating human trafficking.

The second unit focused on the subject of “Efforts of the international community in combating illegal drug production” (Chișinău, 19-24 October 2010).

The unit curriculum focused on the following topics:

  • international projects aimed at combating drug-related crime implemented at the level of the EU, the United Nations and at regional level;
  • legal regulations and international operations aimed at combating drug-related crime;
  • equipment and production methods used in illegal drug laboratories;
  • the tactics of detecting laboratories producing illegal synthetic drugs – location and masking practices;
  • active forms of cross-border cooperation in the elimination of illegal drugs laboratories;
  • use of modern legal institutions in combating illegal drug production – legal regulations, a case study;
  • safety rules followed in the elimination of illegal drug laboratories;
  • practical training in the elimination of an illegal drugs laboratory;
  • drug identification with the use of “rapid tests” and modern electronic instruments;
  • practical training in drug identification;
  • new synthetic drugs – problems encountered in the course of pre-trial criminal proceedings;
  • leakage of heroin production precursors, with particular emphasis on the role of the Republic of Moldova.

The third thematic unit was devoted to “The use of modern policing methods in combating illegal drug production and smuggling and human trafficking.”

The unit curriculum focused on the following topics:

  • development of practical rules for collaboration with the law enforcement agencies of the Republic of Moldova with regard to combating drug trafficking and human trafficking;
  • the use of offensive operational methods in combating organised criminal groups involved in illegal drug production and smuggling – controlled deliveries and special operations;
  • the use of offensive operational methods in combating organised criminal groups involved in human trafficking – special operations.

International society common efforts in the field of drugs smuggling and trafficking in human beings

The project provided training for 44 Moldovan law enforcement officers over a course of study with several stages through which they obtained theoretical knowledge and practical skills in the field of combating organised crime, with a particular focus on drug- and human-trafficking-related crime.

In addition, the project made possible the publication of three brochures - summaries of the topics covered under the three respective study units.