The Presidency of the Council of the European Union is a six-month period (1 January-30 June or 1 July-31 December) during which an individual Member State presides over the work of the EU Council, hosts EU events and meetings, and plays a key role in most areas of EU activity.
See an overview of the 6th European Development Days, organized during Poland's EU Council Presidency.
The Foreign Minister of the Presidency country may deputize for the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and represent the EU on the international stage. Before the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, the representative of the Presidency automatically assumed the function of European Council President.
The Presidency takes place on a rotating basis planned ahead. The Polish Presidency took place in the second half of 2011. Three countries which hold three successive EU Council Presidencies make up the so-called Presidency Trio and jointly draft a common action plan covering 18 months. Poland formed a trio together with Denmark and Cyprus.