The OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) has published preliminary data regarding the level of assistance provided by countries with observer status in the DAC.
In 2012 the biggest donors of Official Development Assistance were France, Japan, Germany, the United States, and the United Kingdom. During this period, 9 countries (including Australia, Austria, Luxembourg, Iceland and South Korea) increased their net ODA, while the assistance provided by 15 other donors decreased in value. The biggest falls were registered in countries most affected by the eurozone crisis: Greece, Spain, Portugal and Italy.
The value of Poland’s Official Development Assistance rose in 2012 by 12.4% compared with 2011. This is due to an increase in the amount of bilateral assistance. For the sake of comparison, over the same period the Czech Republic recorded a 4.2% fall in assistance, while Hungary saw a 7.5% decrease.
According to the results of a survey conducted by the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) on ODA financing plans for 2012-2016 by countries that are not members of the DAC, most of the funds transferred to developing countries will be handed over in the form of Country Programmable Aid (CPA). Whereas in 2012 the total value of CPA fell by 1%, DAC research suggests that it will rise by 9% in 2013 (mainly thanks to an increase in aid volume on the part of Australia, Germany, the United Kingdom, Italy and Switzerland), and remain stable in 2014-2016.
The results of the DAC survey point to a change in the geographical directions of development assistance in 2012-2016. The new recipients will include South-East Asian countries and Middle and Far Eastern ones (e.g. China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Uzbekistan, Vietnam). During the same period, unchanged levels of CPA may be expected for countries lagging behind in the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals and those with the highest poverty levels (mainly Sub-Saharan countries such as Burundi, Chad, Malawi, or Niger).
Read the OECD press release.