Polska pomoc

 

Alternative energy sources in rural development of Moldova

The economy of Moldova is almost entirely dependent on imports of energy raw materials, the rising prices of which are a huge burden for the competitiveness of the economy as well as a financial problem for the population, which has the lowest level of income in Europe. The implementation of innovative energy-saving technologies and the use of alternative renewable energy sources is a priority of the National Development Strategy of Moldova at the central level and of the Strategy of Development of Regions at the regional level. Alternative energy sources (including renewable sources) are a novelty in the rural regions of Moldova and until now have been practically unused. This mostly concerns the use of resources that Moldova has in excess: the sun and biomass. Taking into consideration the potential: the high insolation, the large quantity of agricultural waste, the expanding animal breeding, and the increasing area of agriculturally unused fertile soil, there are relatively simple ways of using alternative energy sources in rural regions.

Alternative energy sources in rural development of Moldova

The project’s aim is to implement model solutions promoting the use of the most accessible and least expensive alternative energy sources in the rural regions of Moldova: solar energy and biomass.

The project envisages support for nine model initiatives for solar energy use:

  • installation of solar collectors in two rural kindergartens (the villages of Mitoc and Şolcani),
  • construction of three innovative village solar dryers (the villages of Zguriţa, Pîrjolteni and Sipoteni),
  • the use of electricity generated from solar energy in innovative horticultural foil (the village of Chetrosu),
  • installation of solar collectors for heating horticultural foil (the village of Vorniceni),
  • the use of photovoltaic devices on two dairy-cow farms (the villages of Brînzeni, Noi and Ghiliceni)

and the implementation of eight pilot initiatives associated with biomass production and use:

  • support for biomass heating in three solar dryers and one horticultural foil (the villages of Zguriţa, Pîrjolteni, Sipoteni and Vorniceni),
  • production of biomass from waste generated in horticulture (the villages of Zaim, Sadovoe and Zorile),
  • construction of an innovative fruit processing plant with a biomass-fuelled dryer (the village of Isacova).

The project also included the transfer of knowledge and the Polish experience in the use of alternative energy sources in rural regions. This will be carried out under two actions: a study visit to Poland and during workshops in Moldova.

Altogether, 17 model forms of solar energy and biomass use will be implemented in rural areas of Moldova. Aside from improving energy efficiency, this will contribute to the creation of 23 jobs in the places of the project’s implementation and the acquisition of annual revenues and energy savings amounting to about EUR 240 000 (upon completion of the project). In the longer perspective, the project’s implementation will improve energy efficiency and contribute to diversification of energy sources, thereby increasing the competitiveness of agricultural production.

Alternative energy sources in rural development of Moldova

The direct aim of the project – implementation of model schemes promoting the use of alternative energy sources in Moldovan rural areas – has been fully achieved.

Thanks to the innovative schemes carried out in places of the project’s implementation, energy savings of about 30 percent on average were achieved. In all forms of activity implemented under the project, the costs of agricultural activity were significantly lowered.

As a result of the project’s implementation, there are 17 model initiatives for renewable energy use at work in rural areas to improve the energy efficiency of rural entrepreneurship. Implementation of the project has directly contributed to the improvement of the economic situation of farming families, through the creation of a total of 23 jobs in places of the project’s implementation. The annual revenues and energy savings following the project’s completion will amount to about EUR 240 000. The project was completed within the established time limit.