Polska pomoc


The development of cashew processing sector in Tanzania

Southern Tanzania is a region known for its traditional cultivation of cashew nuts. Due to the poorly developed cashew processing sector, local growers are unable to fully utilise the economic potential of their product. About 85% of the nuts are sold with their shells. Nearly all (99%) are sent to India, where they are processed and exported again at much higher prices, as an Indian product.

Cultivation of cashew nuts is the main source of income for the residents of the Mkuranga District. The limited possibilities of storing and processing the nuts are determined by the seasonal character of this occupation, engaging farmers only from September through December of each year. A local processing sector would become a source of more stable income for the local population. The processing of cashew nuts, which does not require any special skills or professional qualifications, would also be an invaluable way to engage women and improve their chances in the labour market, especially in the case of poorly educated women.

Cashew nuts are becoming more and more popular throughout the world. In 2015, global imports reached EUR 1.17 billion, at the volume of 172,000 tonnes. Average global consumption of edible nuts has been rising by 9% each year. Poland is among the five European countries with the highest annual rise in imports of cashew nuts, reaching 31%. Domestic importers of nuts could thus have a keen interest in establishing cooperation with Tanzanian producers.

The development of cashew processing sector in Tanzania

The general aim of the project is to increase employment and to support productivity and the competitiveness of cashew nut processing in the Mkuranga District.

Plans include the construction of a warehouse and a production hall with an office, then furnishing it with machinery for shelling nuts and steam boilers. The availability of space adapted for the storage of unshelled nuts for a whole year and appropriate processing facilities will make it possible to maintain production locally. The processing of cashew nuts in Kisiju should create 150 new jobs.

An important element of the project will also be the public campaign to encourage employment in cashew production and processing, with emphasis being placed on women taking advantage of employment opportunities. It is estimated that four months of promotional activities would reach at least 10 000 residents of the Mkuranga District.

The beneficiaries will also be supported in the development of an emerging processing sector and in acquiring new markets. A three-year business plan will be prepared and 10 representatives of the local community will take part in training in EU legislation dealing with the procurement of cashew nuts. There will also be a study visit to Tanzania for representatives of Polish firms particularly interested in establishing cooperation with local cashew nut producers.