Polska pomoc


Regeneration of Pidzamche District in Lviv 2014-2015 - phase III

In the centre of Lviv, as well as all over Ukraine, housing stock was privatized in the 1990s. As a result, virtually all multi-family residential buildings became property of many owners. However, this reform was not followed by further legal changes that would allow for effective management and maintenance of the common parts of the property, such as courtyards, which are in fact semi-public space.

The city of Lviv set itself the priority of changing this inherited way of managing the common part of multi-family buildings by empowering the residents and giving them full control over the whole inhabited property by establishing housing cooperatives (Ukrainian: OSBB).

During a nationwide OSBB Forum, held in October 2013, residents’ misgivings and a very complicated legal procedure were identified as some of the main problems related to the process of the transformation of public utility services. Residents are afraid to take over full responsibility for shared properties, which is largely due to lack of information on the functioning of and the benefits from the establishment of OSBBs.

The experience presented during the Forum by OSBB leaders from all over Ukraine, as well as research conducted under an earlier project of the Institute of Urban Development (IRM) clearly show that managing property within OSBBs is more efficient than property management provided by the LKP (Lviv utilities).

In the area of Pidzamche district subject to revitalization there are around 320 multi-family buildings, but housing cooperatives (OSBB) have been established in only two of them. The vast majority of the properties are still managed by the city’s utilities.

Another pressing need concerns building dialogue and trust between local authorities and residents and social organizations. Experience of an earlier project clearly indicates that this dialogue is very limited and too formal. The programme can be successful only if it gives a bigger role in this process to the area’s residents and the private sector – local entrepreneurs and external investors.

Lviv’s municipal resources (pre-war housing buildings) are in poor condition. Neither the residents nor the city have significant funds for repairs. The idea of minor works, aimed at mobilising residents and showing them that relatively small expenditure combined with their own potential can translate into improving the quality of residential buildings was outlined in 2011 in “Lviv Revitalization ProgrammePidzamche 2012-25.”

Since then, two pilot projects have been implemented in Lviv and the Lviv Municipal Office (Municipal Institute) requested the IRM to carry out a broader pilot project and to provide appropriate training and adequate promotion of the project results. Lviv’s authorities are willing to continue the project in the following years. However, they need support, both technical and practical, which will allow them to start carrying out such tasks.

Regeneration of Pidzamche District in Lviv 2014-2015 - phase III

The project’s main objective consisted in improving the quality of management of Lviv’s municipal property by encouraging its inhabitants to become more involved in this process, and enhancing the attractiveness of the Pidzamche area for residents and tourists. The following revitalization activities were undertaken to achieve this goal:

  • Revitalization of two courtyards and three public spaces (squares, public greens, playgrounds, etc.);
  • Promotion of material and spiritual heritage of the Pidzamche district;
  • Further training for people involved in the revitalization process of the Pidzamche district;
  • Revitalization of three 19th-century gates of Pidzamche houses.

Beneficiaries of the project were inhabitants of Lviv, especially those living in the Pidzamche district’s UNESCO zone (several thousand people), but also other residents who visit the district.

Regeneration of Pidzamche District in Lviv 2014-2015 - phase III

Two courtyards and three public spaces were revitalized as part of the project; gardens of three kindergartens were equipped with play equipment for children. Three historical gates were restored with residents’ financial and organizational support.

A website of the district (http://www.pidzamche.org.ua/index.php/en/), available in both Ukrainian and English, was created. It was regularly updated with information on current events. The portal contains an extensive section on Pidzamche’s history and its cultural heritage. It features an interactive map of places with audio files linked to them. They present the history and distinctive sounds for each location.

12 information boards in Ukrainian and English were installed and a system of graphic identification of Pidzamche’s monuments was prepared. Each board was equipped with a QR code linked to an extensive description of a place of interest described on Pidzamche’s website.

In addition, two large-format artistic murals, selected through a competition, were created in the district. The project results are promoted by a publication available in both Polish and Ukrainian.