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Providing comprehensive support for development of professional skills and entrepreneurship among Internally Displaced Persons in the Dnipropetrovsk region

Due to the war waged in eastern Ukraine, many people were forced to leave their homes. According to official UNHR data, in the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast there are 38 000 internally displaced persons, mostly from Donetsk, Luhansk and Crimea. Aside from the current support they receive (psychological, legal and housing support), there is an immense need for assistance to enter the local labour market. In eastern Ukraine the approach to employment used to be very traditional. People used to work in the same sector for many years (often this was heavy industry, mines or factories) and even in the same enterprise. For this reason, they are now often afraid to start work in a new trade, particularly when this requires new skills. They are also incapable of actively seeking a job, since earlier they had often spent over a decade or even several decades at the same job.

Unemployment and the difficult financial situation additionally aggravate the problems of integration with the host community. Another big problem is the lack of suitable support from the government. People resettled to smaller towns have no access to vocational courses. Internally displaced persons often cannot afford to take courses to learn a new trade. This is an investment they are unable to cover in their current situation.

Many internally displaced persons are also struggling with psychological problems resulting from war and the necessity of leaving their homes. People who are burnt out, who do not believe in their abilities and are unable to find themselves in their new place, are unable to effectively seek new employment. A comprehensive approach to the problem is needed.

Providing comprehensive support for development of professional skills and entrepreneurship among Internally Displaced Persons in the Dnipropetrovsk region

The development of entrepreneurship among internally displaced persons is a complex issue and requires a comprehensive approach. Many of these people do not have the skills needed in their new place of residence. In first order, they should be provided with access to vocational courses that correspond to their interests as well as to the market needs. In addition, many of these people are suffering from psychological problems, such as emotional burnout related to experienced stress, or lack of self-confidence. Therefore, appropriate psychological support should be provided, to enable them to overcome these problems, which may affect their professional responsibilities or long-term willingness to work.

For the above reasons, many internally displaced persons are not yet ready to start their own business. The project ”Ensuring comprehensive support in the development of professional skills and awakening entrepreneurship in the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast among internally displaced persons” consisted of comprehensive support both with correctly selected vocational courses and psychological help. Moreover, the project also ensured the current support of an HR specialist and a specialist for starting a business. Thanks to such extensive support, 160 internally displaced persons living in seven towns in the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (Dnipropetrovsk, Kamianske, Synelnykove, Novomoskovsk, Pavlohrad, Illarionov and Kryvyi Rih) acquired and developed skills and competences which will enable them to find a job in their new place of residence, improve their economic situation and also more quickly integrate with the host community.

Providing comprehensive support for development of professional skills and entrepreneurship among Internally Displaced Persons in the Dnipropetrovsk region

  1. 160 project participants acquired a new trade that was needed in the local labour market;
  2. 160 persons were trained in how to effectively look for a job;
  3. 160 persons obtained current support in seeking employment;
  4. 160 persons were covered by psychological support (both in groups and individually);
  5. 160 persons developed mental readiness to take up employment in their new environment;
  6. 120 persons took part in activities to develop their vocational skills (internships, volunteerism, employment, own business);
  7. More than 100 persons were trained in matters concerning employment and starting a business.