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Municipal pilot program to produce pellets of green waste in Lviv

Greenery makes up a large portion of Lviv’s area. Green waste is often stored in the open, to be burnt later. It causes significant environmental pollution, which is burdensome for the population. The Lviv City Council has adopted a Comprehensive Environment Protection Programme for 2012-2016 for the City of Lviv, which envisaged the development and implementation of a concept of storing and composting fallen leaves and wood waste. This action was planned for 2013; however, as at late 2013 no steps were taken toward it.

Addressing this problem, the project planned measures to support the concept development process together with a presentation of other ways of using green waste, by means of carrying out a pilot programme of pellet production. Pellet is a fuel made from pressed wood waste. It is used for heating homes and other spaces. Because of its energy properties and convenience for the user, it is ranked among the most effective energy sources. It is also eco-friendly: when burnt, its carbon dioxide emissions equal the amount of carbon dioxide consumed by a tree over its growth, while the small amount of ash left after combustion can be utilised as a fertiliser.

Municipal pilot program to produce pellets of green waste in Lviv

The project was carried out by the Agency for Regional Development Foundation in Koszalin between May and December 2014. The implementing entity’s local partners were the Lviv Regional Branch of the Association of Ukrainian Cities and “Energy-Saving Cities”, a Lviv-based association of communes.

Project measures aimed to support the process of recycling city green and wood waste, initiated by the Lviv City Council. It furthermore addressed the social issue of incinerating leaves in the open air, which produces fumes and smells proving a nuisance for the local population.

The project focused on running a programme of pellet manufacturing and studying its properties. Another important element was also the transfer of knowledge on waste management and the development of technical facilities available to the Lviv City Council: the Ukrainian side was provided with equipment for collecting fallen leaves and shredders for wood waste. The project saw the preparation, in partnership with Polish and Ukrainian experts, of a concept of green and wood waste management.

Project measures were complemented with a study visit, which allowed showcasing new technologies and Poland’s good practices and success stories. The visit highlighted the achievements of Polish cities (Lublin, Mielec, Rzeszow) and was organised for 20 people.

The project contributed to the fulfilment of priority 6 – Environmental protection and priority 8 – Regional development and capacity building of public and local administration.

Municipal pilot program to produce pellets of green waste in Lviv

The project led to the development of an “Expert opinion on the possibilities of utilising green waste for pellet production in Lviv.” Prepared for the Lviv City Council, the opinion features detailed characteristics of biomass, an analysis of energy situation of Lviv and Ukraine, a description of manufacturability of pellets from green waste, laboratory test results, and calculations of green waste amounts in the city of Lviv.

Furthermore, the project involved the acquisition of four VD 440/18 exhausters for green waste and a heavy duty RM 800.5/3 wood chopper for the processing of massive branches (shredding into chips). Around 9,000 kg of wood waste and around 12,000 kg of fallen leaves was collected from the Lviv area. Wood waste was used in the production of pellets, while the fallen leaves were composted, thus avoiding the need to be landfilled.

The project also expanded the knowledge of representatives of Lviv’s local government, academia and entrepreneurs about ways of managing green waste, manufacturability and usability of pellets and resources at the disposal of the city of Lviv.