Moldova ranked 112th (2017) in the Human Development Index Ranking conducted by the UNDP, which annually monitors the social and economic development of the world’s countries. This country is characterised by a low national income level with the other development indicators being also low - it is one of the poorest countries in Europe that is largely dependent on foreign aid. The Moldovan economy is dependent on deliveries of raw materials from Russia, which is a serious problem for the country in addition to the existence of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, situated in the most industrial region of Transnistria, which is not recognised on the international arena. Another problem that the EU regards as significant is a smuggling route of illegal immigrants from the Middle East, South and South-East Asia and from countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States that runs through Moldova. The signing of the Association Agreement with the EU and the DCFTA is a turning point in the direction of carrying out systemic and economic reforms that will enhance institutional structures at all levels, limit the country’s exposure to fluctuations of business cycles and contribute to eliminating barriers blocking exports. Since 2004 Moldova is on the list of priority recipients of Polish development assistance.
Actions in 2017
A total of 13 projects amounting to PLN 4,617,075 were implemented, including four projects carries out by regional or local authorities/non-governmental organisations to the tune of PLN 2,974,694, four government administration projects amounting to PLN 1,123,272 and five projects realised as part of the small grants system by the Polish Embassy in Chișinău to the tune of PLN 519,109 (see full list).
Development cooperation for Moldova (projects by non-governmental organisations, regional and local authorities and government administration bodies) was realised based on the following priorities:
Good governance (4 projects – PLN 1,123,272)
The Ministry of Investment and Economic Development implemented the first module of a three-year project (2017-2019), supporting Moldovan administration in its implementation of the “2016-2020 National Regional Development Strategy of Moldova in the area of urban policy and urban development.” The aim of the project was to create, test and pilot new support instruments for urban revival and regeneration based on, among others, a methodology developed by Polish experts. The project was implemented by both Moldovan partners from the national and local municipal administration, as well as social organisations and local citizens. The main beneficiary of the project was the Ministry of Agriculture, Regional Development and the Environment of Moldova and 14 Moldovan cities participating in the project: Bălți, Briceni, Cahul, Căușeni, Ceadîr-Lunga, Cimișlia, Comrat, Edineț, Ialoveni, Ocnița, Orhei, Soroca, Strășeni, Ungheni.
The Main Statistical Office carried out a project to enhance the potential of Moldova’s national statistical system by the transfer of know-how and practical skills in statistical research in the area of agriculture and forestry, which brought the Moldovan statistical system closer to EU standards and other international standards and produced a set of recommendations in this area for the National Statistical Office of Moldova.
As a result of aid activities implemented by Polish Border Guard under the first module of a two-year project (2017-2018), training courses were organised to improve the competencies of Moldova’s Border Police officers and staff in preventing cross-border crime and to ensure security and public order. In addition rooms where first aid training courses are organised were modernised based on didactic premises of a training centre in Ungheni.
In turn, the Ministry of National Education implemented the second stage of a two-year project “Good governance as a basis for good education” (2016-2017), whose main aim was to improve leadership skills of education managers and to prepare them for a systemic implementation of educational reforms, specifically in the area of professional development of teachers and in strengthening partnerships between teachers, students and their parents, and institutional and social partners.
Agriculture and rural development (4 projects – PLN 2,974,694)
This priority was aimed at supporting the development of non-agricultural and agricultural services in rural regions such as metal and woodworking services, bakeries, furniture-making and the establishment of model animal and plant breeding, i.e. feed mixers and granulators at rabbit or goat farms, mechanisation of fruit harvest in orchards, modern honey and bee products production facilities. Support in building and equipping innovative fruit and vegetable drying rooms and fruit and vegetable cold stores was also continued. Entrepreneurship in rural areas was developed using solar energy and energy-saving technologies.
The MFA transferred funds via the Solidarity Fund PL amounting to PLN 1 272 099 to continue activities carried out by the Information Centre for Local Authorities in Moldova (see history: Activities in 2012). The Centre carried out consulting and training activities that strengthened local leaders, local and central authorities in the area of democratisation, local government and regional development and ensured financing of projects carried out by Moldovan local authorities in cooperation with NGOs and civic initiative groups. The Centre also engaged in supporting the implementation of project by the Ministry of Investment and Economic Development that concerned a system of urban regeneration. The Centre’s participation in the project consisted in: substantive support and coordination of cooperation between the Ministry of Agriculture, Regional Development and the Environment of the Republic of Moldova with local partners; organizational support of activities carried out in Moldova (training courses, expert missions, conferences); coordinating the work of the local group for the implementation of regeneration in selected Moldovan cities and co-financing pilot regeneration projects.
As part the ongoing Eastern Partnership Public Administration Academy programme (see history: Activities in 2011), five representatives of the Moldovan administration took part in training courses on the implementation of Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreements (DCFTA) in the area of agriculture and trade in agro-food products, and three persons participated in civil service internships. The amount of PLN 55,740 was allocated to that purpose.
Poland paid a contribution for Moldova to the International Visegrad Fund to finance scholarships amounting to PLN 22,047 and small grants amounting to PLN 65,076.
Actions in 2016
A total of 14 projects amounting to PLN , including six projects implemented by regional or local authorities/non-governmental organisations to the tune of PLN 3,405,000, three projects by government administration amounting to PLN 807,000 and five projects as part of the small grants system implemented by the Polish Embassy in Chișinău amounting to PLN 105,550 (see full list).
Development cooperation for Moldova (projects by NGOs, local and central authorities) was realised based on the following priorities:
Good governance (3 projects – PLN 807,000)
The Ministry of Economic Development supported Moldova in a regional reform in order to implement a key strategic document - the National Regional Development Strategy of the Republic of Moldova for 2016-2020. The project was a follow-up to activities undertaken in 2015 that consisted in drawing up the National Regional Development Strategy of the Republic of Moldova with the participation of a group of Polish experts from the Ministry of Economic Development and the Warsaw School of Economics. Activities carried out in 2016 were aimed at drafting guidelines to streamline the implementation of urban policy. The main beneficiaries of this project were experts from the Moldovan Ministry of Regional Development and Construction, the Agency for Regional Development and from other public administration institutions at the national and regional levels that were engaged in the planning and implementation of regional policy.
In the area of public security and border management, the Ministry of the Interior and Administration together with units subordinated to it implemented a project in 2016 which supported the development of Moldova’s border police with respect to criminal analysis, taking procedural steps and cooperating during interventions and when providing first aid.
The Ministry of National Education on the other hand implemented the first stage of the project “Good governance as a basis for good education” whose main aim was to improve leadership skills of education managers and to prepare them for a systemic implementation of educational reforms, specifically in the area of professional development of teachers and to strengthen partnerships between teachers, students and their parents, and institutional and social partners.
Agriculture and rural development (6 projects – PLN 3,405,000)
This priority was aimed at supporting the development of non-agricultural and agricultural services in rural regions such as metal and woodworking services, bakery, furniture-making and the establishment of model animal and plant breeding, i.e. feed mixers and granulators at rabbit or goat farms, mechanisation of fruit harvest in orchards, modern honey and bee products production facilities. Support in building and equipping innovative fruit and vegetable drying rooms and fruit and vegetable cold stores was also continued. Entrepreneurship in rural areas was developed using solar energy and energy-saving technologies. Agricultural advisory services and agro-tourism in cluster building were being developed. Registration and promotion of local produce was supported and the offer of a network of culinary bicycle routes was expanded.
The MFA transferred funds via the Solidarity Fund PL amounting to PLN 1,600,000 to continue activities carried out by the Information Centre for Local Authorities in Ialoveni in Moldova (see history: Activities in 2012). As part of the Small Projects Programme the Centre financed 17 local development projects, which concerned the following priorities: local democracy and local economic development. In addition, the Centre ran activities in the following areas: Small Academy of Local Development in the form of a series of workshops for local government employees, social leaders and entrepreneurs aimed at strengthening the social skills of local leader groups; Participatory budgeting as a tool for engaging citizens in local development by organising two round tables for 30 representatives of NGOs and municipal authorities of the cities of Bălți and Chișinău and assistance in drawing up the necessary documents, among them, two by-laws of participatory budgeting and five study visits to Bulgaria, Lithuania, Poland, and Romania for 70 participants (local government officials, representatives of NGOs, social leaders, central administration employees). The idea behind the visits was to exchange experiences with local development, specifically in rural areas and experiences with cross-border cooperation and regional development.
As part of the continued Eastern Partnership Public Administration Academy programme (see history: Activities in 2011), five representatives of the Moldovan administration participated in training courses on the implementation of the Association Agreement with the EU and the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) as regards trading in agri-food products, and three persons participated in a civil service internship. A total of eight civil servants took part in the training courses.
Poland supported NATO/PfP/OSCE trust fund – a programme to destroy stocks of pesticides in Moldova with the amount of PLN 220,000.
Actions in 2015
In total, 21 projects were implemented for the total amount of PLN 6,118,341, including 11 local government units/NGO projects for the amount of PLN 4,401,526, 3 administrative projects for PLN 978,105 and 7 projects under the Small Grants System undertaken by the Polish Embassy in Chișinău for PLN 738,710 (see full list).
The development cooperation for Moldova (projects run by (non-governmental organization projects, local governmental units, government administration units) was performed according to the following priorities:
- Regional development and decentralisation (6 projects – PLN 1,272,818)
The actions were intended to strengthen the central administration in preparing and implementing the legal framework for financing local governments and to support administration at every level in establishing structures needed to effectively absorb the national and international funds, in line with EU standards, and based on the model of closer cooperation with other national sectoral policies. An important element of the actions took the form of continued support granted by the Ministry of Development to the Moldovan authorities in drawing up the Regional Development Strategy of Moldova 2016-2020 and in building the competences of the institutions responsible for regional development in developing and implementing their own strategies.
- Development of rural areas (9 projects – PLN 4,012,082)
The undertaken actions strengthened the potential of agricultural producers as well as small and medium enterprises from rural areas. The projects undertaken with the help of inter-governmental organizations contributed to improving the competitiveness of the agricultural production. Further model and modernised farms were established, which are using innovative technologies in production or processing. Some of them also use non-conventional or diversified energy sources and energy-efficient technologies. As a result of implementing Polish Aid projects, rural areas benefited from the access to modern technologies related to the water and sewage management and waste management. In turn, implementing projects under the Small Grants System contributed to modernising the rural infrastructure, also in terms of improving the quality of the education, healthcare, and welfare systems.
- Public security and border management (1 project – PLN 323,545)
Actions under the project contributed to strengthening the border control, including verification of authenticity of documents and strengthening the forensic analysis division of the Border Police of the Republic of Moldova.
Via the Solidarity Fund PL, MFA providedfunds in the amount of PLN 585,770 to continue the actions conducted by the Local Authorities Information Centre in Ialoveni in Moldova (see history: Actions in 2012). The Centre financed 12 small projects, which contributed to the development of the local community through strengthening participatory mechanisms, working with the youth, actions for persons with disabilities, and the development of small infrastructure. The projects were implemented by Moldovan local governments in cooperation with social partners using the learning by doing method. Moreover, the Centre organized 15 workshops for local leaders and 7 study visits to initiate the cooperation of Polish-Moldovan partnerships among different social groups. The Centre conducted consults for approx. 60 local governments, non-governmental organisations, and social initiatives.
Under the continued Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration (see history: Actions in 2011), the representatives of the Moldovan administration attended two training modules, i.e. Internships at the civil service for the Eastern Partnership countries (3 persons) and European integration (5 persons). The amount of PLN 57,341 was allocated for this purpose.
Poland supported the UNIDO project in the area of solar energy for Moldova with EUR 100,000 and a programme for eradicating pesticides and harmful chemicals managed by the NATO Trust Fund, Partnership for Peace, and OSCE for PLN 150,000.
Actions in 2014
In total, 28 projects were undertaken for the total amount of PLN 6,933,488 including 8 local government units/NGO projects for PLN 4,142,743 and 7 administrative projects for PLN 1,742,617 and 13 projects implemented by the Polish Embassy in Chișinău under the framework of the Small Grants System for the total amount of PLN 1,048,128 (see full list).
The development cooperation for Moldova (projects run by (non-governmental organization projects, local governmental units, government administration units) was performed according to the following priorities:
- Regional development and decentralisation: (10 projects – PLN 1,805,730)
These actions were intended to prepare the regional and local administration to effectively absorb the national and international funds e.g. by improving the competence in creating and next implementing their own strategies. The Ministry of Infrastructure and Development played a major role in this respect by supporting the Moldovan authorities in writing their regional development strategy. Polish specialists shared their knowledge and experience about effective absorption of national and international funds with the Moldovan officials.
Moreover, Polish expert support in the area of chemicals management contributed to the enactment of regulations that are compatible with the EU standard in this area; an institution to manage chemicals was also established.
- Agriculture and development of rural areas (7 projects – PLN 3,615,369)
The most funds available under the Polish Aid programme contributed to the development of agricultural production and of the potential of small and medium enterprises in rural areas. The projects run by NGOs helped to establish several model farms that use innovative solutions in their agricultural activity and agricultural processing, including energy-efficient technologies. A series of training courses and workshops in agricultural counselling and non-agricultural business activity were held; Polish experiences in the area of associations of producers (cooperatives) were also shared. A network of advisors, which was strengthened with the help of the funds available under the Polish Aid programme, shares best practice gained while implementing projects with further farmers and entrepreneurs interested in developing their own activity.
Moreover, Polish specialists supported Moldovan employees of a phytosanitary diagnostics laboratory in implementing international standards in the area of foot safety.
- Public security and border management (2 projects – PLN 726,357)
Implementation of projects of the public administration contributed to strengthening the Moldovan border guard and police in the area of creating modern structures based on the solutions implemented in the EU, which are able to counteract cross-border and organized crime.
As a continuation of the Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration in cooperation with the National School of Public Administration that had been initiated in 2011, the representatives of the Moldovan administration attended two training modules entitled Internships at the civil service. Strengthening the human resources management system in the civil service of the Eastern Partnership countries (3 persons) and European integration (9 persons). PLN 80,155 was allocated for this purpose.
Moreover, MFA provided the funds of the Solidarity Fund PL to support democratization actions in Moldova. Also, a mission of Polish observers for the parliamentary election as part of the ODIHR/OSCE mission was organized, monitoring of financing the election campaign was also conducted. Moreover, actions intended to engage the youth in the process of systemic transformation and to change civic attitudes were implemented, political leaders were trained, and best practices in care establishments for persons with mental disabilities were implemented.
The operation of the Local Authorities Information Centre in Moldova continued. Thanks to the support of the MFA and USAID, the Center has launched its own grant scheme in the fall of 2014, making it possible to realise local projects in 2014-2015. MFA donated PLN 367,620 for this purpose.
The total support of the Solidarity Fund PL was PLN 1,554,164.
UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization) was provided with PLN 85,000 for the technical assistance programme in the area of solar energy for Moldova.
Actions in 2013
In 2013, 24 projects were undertaken in the Republic of Moldova, among them 6 local government units/NGO projects and 7 administrative projects, for the total amount of PLN 5 225 985, and 11 projects in the framework of the Small Grants System for the amount of EUR 122 918,61 (see full list).
In 2013 the Polish development cooperation activities in Moldova are performed according to the following priorities (non-governmental organization projects, local governmental units, government administration units):
- Public security and border management (5 projects - PLN 941 919)
in particular: amelioration of public security and counteracting organized crime, smuggling goods, support for subjects responsible for public safety, crisis management and environmental protection.
- Regional development and decentralisation (4 projects - PLN 1 556 386)
in particular: preparation of the regional and local administration to the effective use of EU funds, strengthening of the coordinative role of the Minister for Regional Development and Construction of Moldova in implementing the regional reform.
- Development of rural areas (4 projects - PLN 2 727 680 PLN)
in particular: assistance for small and medium enterprises, agricultural cooperation and consulting, promotion and implementation of innovative farming technology for the modernization of rural infrastructure.
The Local Authorities Information Centre in Moldova was opened in October 2012. The creation of the Centre was based on the “Memorandum of Understanding” signed 29 June 2012 between the MFA of the Republic of Poland and the Ministry of Regional Development and Construction of Moldova. According to the agreement the Centre will be located in Regional Development Agency in Laloveni and shall have a informative, coordinative and educational role. The function of the Centre is providing information on overseas projects and grants, as well as procedures for receiving domestic and international organization financing.
The project of the Centre is realized in the scope of “Moldova Task Force”, which is a part of the Democracy Partnership Challenge.
Program Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration (EPAPA)
In 2013 the next edition of the Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration (EPAPA) will be launched in cooperation with the National School of Public Administration, it will be directed at the representatives of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine.
The Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration is a program devoted to strengthening of public administration in the Eastern Partnership countries through the organization of specialized courses for officials from partner states. The aim is to create a professional public administration personnel in the Eastern Partnership countries, which shall serve as a base of experts assisting in the implementation of the principles of a democratic state with the rule of law.
The representatives of the Moldovan administration shall take part in two training modules: civil service training – for all Eastern Partnership countries, and EU negotiation training – for representatives from the Republic of Moldova.
Learn more about Polish assistance to Moldova:
Actions in 2012
A total of 24 projects were implemented (see full list) amounting to PLN 4,376,333.10, including:
- 6 projects financed to the sum of PLN 2,419,927 implemented by NGOs and local government authorities,
- 5 projects financed to the sum of PLN 1,475,227 implemented by central government bodies,
- 10 projects financed to the sum of PLN 394,182.40 implemented by the Polish Embassy in the framework of the Small Grants System,
- 3 assistance projects supporting democratization and societies in transition, implemented by the Solidarity Fund PL, financed to the sum of PLN 86,996.70.
In 2012 Poland’s development cooperation activities for Moldova (projects by NGOs, local government authorities, and central government authorities) were implemented in the framework of the following priorities:
- public safety and border management (3 projects – PLN 733,950),
in particular: improving public safety and counteracting organized crime, supporting entities responsible for public safety and environmental protection.
- regional development and decentralization (5 projects – PLN 1,141,235),
in particular: developing an effective and transparent funding system for local governments; preparing regional and local administration to effectively absorb EU funds; boosting the coordinating role of the Moldovan Ministry of Regional Development and Construction in the area of implementing regional reform.
- development of rural areas (3 projects – PLN 2,019,969),
in particular: supporting small and medium enterprises, agricultural cooperatives and agricultural advisory; increasing the competitiveness of agricultural production in terms of phytosantiary controls, support for organizing a laboratory base in the food chain; promotion and implementation of innovative techniques and technologies in farms, modernizing rural infrastructure.
Moreover, humanitarian aid payments amounting to PLN 440,000 were made in response to the droughts affecting Moldova.
In October 2012 the Local Authorities Information Centre in Moldova was opened. The Centre was established pursuant to a Memorandum of Understanding signed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland and the Ministry of Regional Development and Construction of the Republic of Moldova. It has its seat in the Regional Development Agency "Centru" in Laloveni. Its aim is to ensure access to information about international projects, grants and procedures relating to sources of funding from national and international organizations. The project to establish the Centre is an element of the Moldova Task Force, which is part of the Democracy Partnership Challenge project. In 2012 a total of PLN 319,832 was allocated towards the Centre’s activities.
In 2012, 15 Moldovan civil servants took part in the second edition of a programme of the Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration whose aim was to strengthen government administration in the Eastern Partnership countries through the organisation of specialist training courses for civil servants from the EaP partnership countries. The programme trains professional civil servants in the EaP countries who then provide the necessary expertise needed to implement the rule of law. The training courses, organised in collaboration with the National School of Public Administration involved value-based management, the economics of public finance and security and defence policies.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in collaboration with the National School of Public Administration, organised a SENSE (Strategic Economic Needs and Security Exercise) training, attended by 11 representatives of the Moldovan government administration and the private sector. SENSE is a training programme that uses computer simulation to run a market-economy country. The main objective of the programme is to strengthen the government administration of the beneficiary countries, promoting reforms and rules of good governance at the national and local levels.
Read more about Polish assistance to Moldova:
- Moldova - projects carried out in 2012
- Innovative network of entrepreneurship and cooperative development, as well as agricultural advisory
- Eco-technologies for Moldovan villages
- Support for the Moldovan Republican Veterinary and Diagnostic Centre
Actions in 2011
In the framework of Poland’s 2011 development cooperation programme, 12 projects were implemented in Moldova (including 2 projects implemented jointly in several countries, i.e. Moldova, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, and Ukraine). The total financing amounted to PLN 2 856 572, expended by NGOs, government administration and local self-government bodies, as well as 8 small grants projects amounting to PLN 396 479. The projects were implemented in the framework of the following priorities:
- Good governance, in particular: preventing and combating corruption, public finance management, boosting self-government, professional training in the field of municipal services, and EaP initiatives (6 projects worth a total of PLN 1 868 217);
- Rural development and agriculture, in particular: phytosanitary standards (6 projects worth a total of PLN 988 355).
Actions in 2010
Projects implemented in 2010 corresponded to the principal areas of support for the Republic of Moldova as defined in the Polish foreign aid programme, and consisted of supporting and promoting good governance, agricultural and rural development, counteracting human trafficking and implementing European standards.
In 2010, 13 aid projects were implemented in Moldova by NGOs, government administration, and local government bodies, and the Polish Embassy in Kishinev. Total appropriations for activities implemented in Moldova in the framework of the 2010 Polish foreign aid programme amounted to ca. PLN 2 million.
Actions in 2009
In 2009, Polish development aid for Moldova focused on the following areas:
rural and agricultural development (including agritourism);
developing local governance and civil society;
developing small enterprise;
strengthening public administration (esp. with regard to migration management, counteracting human trafficking, financial system transparency, and implementing European standards).
In 2009, 15 projects were implemented in Moldova, with appropriations of over PLN 1.5 million. Additionally, the MFA financed the participation of Polish observers as part of the OECD mission during the Moldovan general elections in April and July 2009 (total cost: PLN 224 000).
More information on all 2009 projects can be found in the Annual Report on "Poland's Development Co-operation Programme" (see Documents and Publications).
Actions in 2008
Priority sectors of Polish development aid in Moldova in 2008 included:
rural and agricultural development;
supporting civil society, in particular through the development of local government and democratisation of the Moldovan media;
strengthening public administration (especially with regard to migration management, counteracting human trafficking, organizing trainings in obtaining EU funds).
In 2008, 26 projects were implemented in Moldova, with appropriations of over PLN 4.3 million.
More information on all 2008 projects can be found in the Annual Report on "Poland's Development Co-operation Programme" (see Documents and Publications).