Polska pomoc


Innovative eco-technologies and techniques for development of sustainable farming in Moldova

The project was located in northwestern Moldova, with two selected regions (equivalent to Polish powiats): Drochia and Falesti. The Drochia region consists of 27 municipalities inhabited by 90,000 people, and the Falesti region 32 municipalities with 92,000 inhabitants. In this area, there are about 20,000 farms. Small-scale farmers (with farms of up to 20 hectares) were invited to take part in the project. The highest interest in the project activities was expressed by the municipalities of Chetrosu, Tarigrad, Hasnaseni, Zgurita, Cotova and Pervomaiscoe (Drochia region) and Pruteni, Glinjeni, Hiliuti, Marandeni, Risipeni and Albinetul (Falesti region).

Agriculture generates negative impacts in Moldova, i.e. excessive use of pesticides and fertilisers contaminate water and soil, while products derived from such crops contain their residues. The partner ORMAX tested 570 wells in the Drochia region (project “Safe water and sanitation for all”), of which 75% had water containing nitrates above the permitted level. In the Falesti region, tests carried out by the non-governmental organisation CUTEZATORUL in 50 wells showed nitrates, nitrites and ammonia which in some cases exceeded norms tenfold. Studies indicate that 80% of the wells in the country are contaminated and that nitrates are also present in rivers, which leads to higher cancer rates.

The actions planned in the project introduced solutions and know-how that have been proven in Poland and will help the two regions raise their level of knowledge and awareness of the benefits of ecological farming methods.

Innovative eco-technologies and techniques for development of sustainable farming in Moldova

The project aimed to improve sanitary and health conditions as well as soil and air quality thanks to the implementation of “eco solutions” and sustainable farming methods in the Drochia and Falesti regions. Moldovan agriculture is struggling with soil degradation and environmental pollution.

Recruitment of farmers was carried out in consultation with the agricultural advisory centres from the Falesti and Drochia regions, representatives of regional and local authorities and members of the National Federation of Agricultural Producers AGROINFORM, of which the partner Cutezatorul is a member. Ultimately, 10 farms were chosen (five from Drochia and five from Falesti) to take part in the training and study visit and receive investment support. Comprehensive support was provided for 40 farms (20 from each region) through participation in training, which will enable them to independently implement some of the promoted techniques and technologies.

Training dealt with technologies that use renewable energy sources (RES) and techniques of proper waste treatment and water supply management. Training on RES was conducted with a focus on distributed energy sources and the use of renewable energy sources in farms and installation of solar panels. Model installations of solar panels and power-generating photovoltaic cells and home windmills were also created.

Another training topic was waste and water supply management on farms and its use to improve agricultural productivity and sanitary conditions, including water quality. Training was also held on composting and utilisation of animal waste and faeces and the technology of dry separable toilets and biofilters. Direct training was organised for 50 farmers (25 from each region). There were also 10 model projects at 10 farms, encompassing an introduction to renewable energy power-generating installations (10 units) and two solar panels (panels assembled during RES training), manure plates or composters (10 units) and separable toilets (10 units) and biofilters (two biofilters constructed during training on biofilters).

Innovative eco-technologies and techniques for development of sustainable farming in Moldova

Thanks to the project, the level of knowledge and awareness of farmers with regard to eco technology was raised and many participants were persuaded to take up ecological farming methods. Eleven farms were equipped with “eco solutions” such as photovoltaic cells and windmills, solar panels, manure plates, composters, eco toilets and biofilters. In addition, 50 farmers were trained in renewable energy sources, panel installation basics, building and using ekosan toilets and biofilters and composting techniques.

The introduction of renewable energy sources will lower the costs of electricity and heating and the use of gas, coal and wood, thereby improving the economic situation of farms. Thanks to the installation of eco toilets, the sanitary conditions on farms improved from day to day, resulting in reduced water and soil contamination. Proper composting will reduce soil contamination and will teach the utilisation of farming waste. All these activities will improve the state of the environment and the economic situation of farms.