Polska pomoc


Increasing the competitiveness of enterprises in Lviv region by implementation of innovative technologies using local energy resources

Natural gas, crude oil and hard coal supplies have become an instrument that Russia uses to achieve its geopolitical interests. Ukraine’s energy security and thus its sovereignty depend on the country’s success in diversifying its primary energy sources. One way to gain energy independence is to use indigenous energy resources (hard coal and biomass) (Energy Strategy of Ukraine until 2030). Of the energy resources used in the Lviv Oblast in 2015, natural gas was the most widely used, accounting for 49 per cent of all consumption (a 13 per cent decrease compared to 2014), with hard coal accounting for 37 per cent (a 21 per cent increase over 2014), and crude oil and petroleum products accounting for 14 per cent (an 8 per cent decrease over 2014) of consumption (according to Poland’s Central Statistical Office).

The area known as the Lviv-Volyn coal basin, where coal extraction increased by 16 per cent in early 2015 alone, is characterised by hard coal deposits of inferior quality, with high gangue content and coal of variable calorific value, due to a seam thickness of not more than 1 metre. This has a significant impact on production efficiency and further usability of the coal. Extraction of the Lviv-Volyn coal deposits thus results in the generation of tailings with considerable coal content. These can be utilised as fuel through combustion in a circulating fluidised bed (CFB) boiler or in mixed compositions with specific parameters for use in industrial or local boilers (5-40 kW capacity). The use of coal and of coal mixed with biomass in low-capacity burners is less effective mainly due to the high volatile content, particulate matter and sulphur emissions. However, such coal mixes can be used for energy generation in larger boilers and local low-power installations, where the solid fuel is used effectively at reduced emission levels.

With the significant reduction in the number of green certificates in Poland, western Ukraine can be expected to develop biomass surpluses in the near term. It was ascertained based on the certificates of origin and information from the Energy Regulatory Office of the Republic of Poland that, in recent years, about 50 per cent of annual biomass imports, i.e. 3.8 million Mg, came from Ukraine and Belarus. The disappearance of this biomass recipient will increase market pressure for its use locally.

Upon acceding to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Poland committed itself to promoting sustainable development. It is therefore necessary that it implement modern clean coal technologies and co-combustion of coal and biomass/waste.

The project applied a multifaceted approach based on a comprehensive diagnosis of the problems encountered by the beneficiary, i.e. the Lviv Oblast, which involved the identification and understanding of the conditions and factors affecting the competitiveness of local companies. Having identified the beneficiaries’ current needs in discussions between the project coordinator and the Ukrainian representatives and having drawn on the coordinator’s experience and expertise, we concluded that, as a priority, the beneficiaries needed our support in implementing necessary projects that would engage innovative tools and technologies in the utilisation of the local primary energy sources.

The project was consistent with the guidelines included in Ukraine’s strategic documents adopted at the national level, specifically in the Energy Strategy of Ukraine until 2030 and the State Targeted Programme for Energy Efficiency and the Development of Renewable Energy Sources and Alternative Fuels, and at the regional level, specifically in the Development Strategy of the Lviv Oblast, the Regional Economic Programme for Energy Efficiency in the Lviv Oblast and the Energy Conservation Programme for Lviv Oblast Residents for 2010-2016. Currently, Ukraine is enjoying greater interregional cooperation with Poland than with any other country, as evidenced in the cooperation agreements concluded between, among others, the Silesian Voivodeship and the Lviv Oblast regarding the exchange of experience in the spheres of structural changes and sustainable economic development.

Increasing the competitiveness of enterprises in Lviv region by implementation of innovative technologies using local energy resources

The goal of the project was to identify optimal pathways for the implementation of effective solid fuel utilisation technologies adapted to the needs and capabilities of companies operating in the Lviv Oblast. To this end, the project tapped into the extensive experience of Poland’s Central Mining Institute (GIG) at the stage of the development and implementation of proprietary solid fuel conversion technologies and for the methods used to assess the competitiveness of the two regions in terms of their R&D and innovation potential.

According to the proposal, the project would engage GIG experts to develop devices for efficient degassing of fuel mixes (hard coal, waste from coal enrichment, biomass or various compositions of these components) for a solid-fuel- or natural-gas-fired power plant or another high-temperature reactor preselected by the project’s Ukrainian partner. The degassing products would include raw gas and biochar. The biochar obtained after passing through a briquetting installation would be collected by entrepreneurs forming a distribution network of low-emission fuel. This fuel would be used as low-emission fuel in low-power boilers and low-carbon furnaces.

One important project outcome was the development of business links between Polish and Ukrainian companies enabling the transfer of experience in the engineering and manufacturing of low-power furnaces as well as briquetting and pelletising installations, and in forming distribution networks for briquettes, pellets and eco-pea coal. The achievement of this objective called for research, site visits to the facilities proposed by the project’s Ukrainian partner and workshops with the Ukrainian companies interested in utilising and adopting Poland’s experience. The intended project result was the transfer and acquisition of conceptual know-how concerning degassing technology, as well as the production and distribution network of solid recovered fuels. The project provided for the preparation of a feasibility study for a preselected location. It was intended that project implementation would activate Ukrainian companies in the aforementioned fields.

Increasing the competitiveness of enterprises in Lviv region by implementation of innovative technologies using local energy resources

The project resulted in, among other things, the preparation of a feasibility study. Together with IGGPK NAN, the project’s Ukrainian partner, the project team selected a location in the Lviv Oblast for which it developed a feasibility study entitled ‘A Multi-variant Feasibility Study of the Modernisation of the Zhovkvateploenergo Municipal Enterprise Boiler Plant Located in the City of Dubliany for the Purpose of Diversifying the Fuel Mix Used There’. Moreover, the work contributed by the Central Mining Institute led to the development of an algorithm that makes it possible to provide an effective description of most heating plants similar to the one included in the study and a technical and economic analysis of other cases. The economic section of the analysis followed UNIDO’s methodology. The presented feasibility study proposed various concepts for implementation of the proposed technologies, as well as the fuel production and distribution network. It also analysed seven technical variants applicable to the conditions prevailing in the heating plant in the city of Dubliany in the Lviv Oblast. The study was submitted via IGGPK NAN to the Municipal Economy Department of the Lviv State Administration and to the Zhovkvateploenergo Municipal Enterprise.

The project also produced a sector catalogue of new technologies and best practices in energy generation and usage, which is a collection of selected innovative technologies used in Poland’s energy sector covering the issues of: solid fuel parameters; the fuel combustion process; the emission of pollutants, especially those resulting from poor management of the combustion process; the means of reducing pollutant emissions from low-power boilers; solid-fuel-fired low-power boilers and heat recovery systems. The catalogue also contains a list and profiles of selected Polish manufacturers and suppliers of boilers, feeders and burners.

The Polish-Ukrainian Platform for Energy Innovation (was established for the purpose of developing cooperation and exchanging experience and expertise in the field of energy generation and use, and to strengthen ties between Poland and Ukraine. The platform brings together representatives of the research sector (e.g. GIG in Katowice), industry (including Katowicki Węgiel Sp. z o.o. and Klimosz Sp. z o.o.) and public administration, and provides an active forum for the promotion of clean energy, renewable energy sources, energy efficiency and the planning of activities for the development of a low-carbon economy.

A dedicated internet portal was created as a source of information about the project, which provides information on important events marking implementation of the project, informational and promotional materials (a project leaflet, a trade directory, multimedia presentations, an application form for membership in the platform, information on Polish suppliers of energy-sector technologies, etc.). The project website can be accessed at http://urakol.iggcm.org.ua/pl/.

A brochure aimed at companies has been published that includes information of importance for Ukrainian entrepreneurs considering investments in modern energy technologies. The material provides descriptions of sample projects and best practices in using clean-energy technologies in Ukraine, as well as recommendations for Ukrainian SMEs.