Polska pomoc


Development of a village agricultural depot and training for farmers in Adonara village, Flores, NTT

Indonesia is one of the top 10 producers of agricultural products in the world. Seventy-eight mln Indonesians are small-scale farmers (meaning, they have no more than 0.5 hectare of land). They grow edible plants (such as rice, cassava, corn or sorghum). They also grow plants for sale (coconut oil, cashews, cocoa, coffee and candlenuts) and fruit (bananas, mango, pineapples). Farmers usually sell their crops at very low prices and they earn very little. Prices of unprocessed products are much lower than prices of processed products. There are two major reasons which explain why farmers do not add value to their production. Firstly, they have no access to technology which would help them process their crops and sell them at a higher price. Secondly, their access to a sales market is limited. Farmers often sell their produce to intermediaries and have little bargaining power. In some cases, farmers process crops, but they usually use very inefficient, manual methods which are time-consuming and do not provide high-quality products.

The beneficiaries of the project are 100 small-scale farmers and their families, who reside in the Indonesian province of Nusa Tengarra Timur (NTT). The Flores Island is one of the poorest regions in the country. It is also a place where the local partner of the project, the Kopernik Foundation, has well-established contacts. From 1 July 2015, the Foundation has taken numerous steps in the NTT area, e.g. it studied the available farming processing equipment and organised agrotechnical fairs.

Development of a village agricultural depot and training for farmers in Adonara village, Flores, NTT

The project is scheduled to be implemented from 1 October to 15 December 2016. The project will be implemented by the Embassy of the Republic of Poland in Jakarta in cooperation with the Kopernik Foundation. The Kopernik Foundation, an organisation operating in Indonesia, provides simple technologies for excluded local communities to reduce poverty.

The project will implement a new initiative - a storage and a drying facility for nuts "Depot Desa". It is a central agricultural processing facility for smallholder farmers, which offers them access to technology that adds value to their crops. The storage and drying facility will also facilitate contacts with potential buyers and other markets, without the participation of intermediaries. The storage and nut drying facility combine several agricultural processing technologies with services - which are adjusted to local conditions - on the “pay per use” basis. These are usually simple technologies, which can be used by farmers without any problems.

Farmers will pay for using the tools, but the fee will be lower than additional income derived from processing the products. The tools available in the storage and nut drying facility will comprise, among others: sorghum threshing machine, cashew openers, coconut oil mills, coconut openers, coconut peeler machines, solar driers, low-energy consumption food dehydrators, bags for storing grains and machines for packing them.

Depot Desa serves not only to process agricultural products, but also to help establish contacts between producers and buyers. Thanks to direct contacts with buyers of processed products, producers will be able to profit from the additional value achieved as a result of the processing. 

The project, financed by Poland, will allow to renovate the building, construct the solar drier, purchase tools for opening, process and pack cashews, coconuts, moringa and sorghum. It will also allow to conduct trainings for farmers to enable them to use the tools.

For the purposes of calculation, the following exchange rate was applied: USD 1 = PLN 4.1749.

Development of a village agricultural depot and training for farmers in Adonara village, Flores, NTT

The project was completed within the scheduled time framework (1 October to 15 December 2016). A nut drying facility was built, an agricultural storage facility was renovated and farmers were trained on how to use the new agricultural product processing tools. The beneficiaries of the project are 100 farmers from Adonara, located in the area of Flores (Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia) and their families.

The value of the project amounted to EUR 15,000 and was fully covered by the Polish Aid's donation.