Polska pomoc


CBRN cross-border safety and cooperation

The project is addressed to firemen and rescue workers participating in rescue operations, in particular with regard to chemical, biological or radiation hazards. The second target group includes Ukrainian senior fire service officers who lead and manage rescue teams near the Polish border (management of the district fire service headquarters in Lviv, members of the fire service headquarters in the Lviv district).

The trade between Poland and Ukraine, as well as the growing importance of highly processed goods in trade and services relating to the use, storage and sales of hazardous materials, result in a constant increase in the risk related to the properties of such materials. The risk is real, which was proved by the incident with train carrying white phosphorus in Ukraine, in the Lviv oblast. 11,000 people were at risk and the contamination area was approximately 90,000 m2. Ukrainian emergency services were put on high alert. Due to the proximity of the contamination area to the Polish border, so were the Polish inspections and services responsible for public safety. The failure was considered a cross-border emergency. The operations revealed communication problems between the Polish and the Ukrainian services and the fact that the services were unaware of the other country’s procedures to be launched in such situations, of the manner and methodology of rescue operations and of the parameters of the specialised equipment and possibility to use it by the other country to liquidate the failure. Therefore, the project is aimed at promoting mutual education with regard to the resources at each country’s disposal and the need to cooperate in order to improve safety of border zones, as well as close cooperation of the rescue services.

CBRN cross-border safety and cooperation

The direct objective of this two-year project is to enhance the potential of Ukrainian services in case of CBRN events, including providing the beneficiary with specialised equipment used during CBRN operations.

The project proposes solutions aimed at:

- raising awareness of the decision-makers with regard to cross-border rescue operations in case of threat, which could improve public safety in Ukraine;

- proposals and concepts relating to new firemen training solutions;

- practical training presenting the equipment, methodology and solutions applied to liquidation of CBRN events in Poland;

- further self-improvement of firemen with the use of the provided specialised equipment.

The project provides for three types of support:

- seminar on the exchange of experiences regarding CBRN risk prevention;

- practical training of Ukrainian rescue workers with regard to CBRN operation technologies applied in Poland;

- supply and delivery of specialised equipment used during rescue operations in case of CBRN hazard (detection devices, respiratory protective equipment, protective gear).

The measures under the project will improve the level of broadly understood public safety in Ukraine through supporting the entities in charge of public safety and environmental protection.

Value of grants ammounted to 154 820 pln in 2014 and 208 605 pln in 2015, and the value of the project respectively 167 340 pln (in 2014) and 222 250 pln (in 2015).

CBRN cross-border safety and cooperation

Project activities in 2014 helped raise the level of widely understood public security in Ukraine by supporting those responsible for the safety of the population and the protection of the natural environment. The following specific results have been achieved:

  • rescuers’ awareness of the level of risks associated with chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear factors increased significantly. Participants shared experience of CBRN threats which occurred in Poland and Ukraine;
  • Ukrainian rescuers familiarized themselves with technical and organisational solutions and technologies used by Polish rescue services, which undoubtedly stimulated innovation and increased awareness of those responsible for the rescue services in Ukraine and, indirectly, improved cooperation between rescue services of both countries in the cross-border zone.
  • the Ukrainian side was provided with rescue equipment (such as chemical protective clothing, shoes and gloves, a decontamination cabin, respiratory protection devices, and radiation, gas and water vapour detectors, etc.) Training was conducted for the use of purchased equipment, which will allow the Ukrainian side to operate independently the received equipment and devices, greatly facilitating cooperation.

Project activities carried out in 2015 contributed to:

  • enhancing the knowledge, awareness and skills of rescuers from Lviv oblast on the level of risks associated with chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear factors and the need for mutual co-operation of emergency services in the border regions;
  • providing rescuers from Lviv oblast with guidelines on the organization of the rescue system and CBRN rescue activities (a manual was developed and recommendations were presented during the final seminar and meetings).