Polska pomoc


Active residents - effective owners

The project addressed the process of privatisation of flats (mostly from council housing), which has been going on for the past 20 years in Ukraine, and the outdated model of providing public utility services through so-called ZEKs. ZEKs (Житлово-експлуатаційна контора, ЖЕК) are Soviet-era monopolist organisations that provide services for council flats.

The project’s goal was to support the Lutsk local government and housing community activists, by providing the beneficiaries with the expertise on running housing communities and property management, with a focus on delivering public utility services.

The project followed up on activities by the Managerial Initiatives Foundation (FIM) in Ukraine. In 2012, it ran a project in Donetsk oblast titled “Active Group” and implemented as part of the Support for Democracy programme coordinated by the Solidarity Fund PL, whose goal was to introduce a participatory decision-making model. Some of the decisions concerned improving the quality (perceived as very low by the public) of municipal housing and services. Furthermore, the project was connected with FIM measures pursued in Rivne in 2011 as part of the project “Municipal system of energy management in Rivne” (PPR2011/0505/NGO).

Active residents - effective owners

The project was carried out between 1 February 2014 and 31 December 2014 in Lutsk, the capital of Volyn oblast, western Ukraine. The Managerial Initiatives Foundation was the implementing entity, while the Lutsk Municipal Office and the Regional Development Association were the local partners.

Housing management in Ukraine relies on outdated and ineffective ways. Most residential homes are managed by the so-called ZEKs, or monopolistic providers of public utility services that date back to Soviet times. The project goal was to support the process of establishing and developing housing communities by implementing a housing community management system at all housing communities of the OSBB type (Об'є́днання співвла́сників багатокварти́рного буди́нку), which are Ukrainian counterparts of Polish housing communities, together with a tool for calculating financial effectiveness.

Project beneficiaries included representatives of associations of owners of cooperative flats, representatives of OSBB communities, neighbourhood and block-of-flats committees, non-governmental organisations. Members of housing communities and those interested in establishing them were presented with an A-Z Guide “How to develop and manage housing community in Ukraine.”

The project contributed to the fulfilment of priority 8 - Regional development and capacity building of public and local administration as defined in the Multiannual Development Cooperation Programme 2012-15 and the 3rd Millennium Development Goal – gender equality and empowerment of women.

Active residents - effective owners

The project professionalized property management in Lutsk and improved the quality of municipal and housing management through supporting measures for developing housing communities and public utility services. Project measures led to the following outcomes:

  1. Preparation, publication on project partners’ websites (www.arr.volyn.ua, www.lutsk.ua), and distribution among 150 people of the publication A-Z Guide “How to develop and manage housing community in Ukraine.” The publication was distributed in electronic form also after the project was completed.
  2. Training for 45 Ukrainian representatives of local government, associations of flat owners, NGOs and other people active in the field of developing housing communities; the training covered property management and municipal and housing services. The Lutsk National Technical University carried on with the training of staff in housing community management.
  3. Development and implementation of a Housing Community Management System and a Housing Costs Calculator, at ten OSBB housing communities in Lutsk. The System and Calculator are still being distributed, are available for sharing on the website, and can be used by other communities.
  4. 15 people from Lutsk (representatives of local government, housing communities, block-of-flats committees, NGOs) acquired knowledge on Poland’s experience in building housing communities, and managing properties and public utility services.

A transfer was noted of knowledge and experience acquired in the course of the project, from Lutsk to other cities of the oblast (among others Poltava and Dnipropetrovsk). It was particularly important that higher education institutions (the Lutsk National Technical University) joined in the lifelong learning process and upgrading the skills of people involved in managing residential properties and public utility services.